Chinese Super League

Chinese Super League

Chinese Super League
Soccerball current event.svgChinese Super League 2021
Flag-map of the Peoples Republic of China.svg
General data
Sport Soccer
Venue ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China
Confederacy A
Continent Asia
Official name Chinese Super League
Organized by China Football Association (CFA)
Participating teams 16
Historical facts
Foundation 2004
Statistical data
Current champion Jiangsu Suning F.C. (2020)
More championships Guangzhou Evergrande F.C. (8)
Competition data
Zone 1
Red Arrow Down.svg Descent to China League One
Classification a AFC Champions League
National cup China cup
Other data
Sponsored by Ping An Insurance
Official Web site http://csl-china.com/

La Chinese Football Association Super League (in simplified Chinese, 中国 足球 协会 超级 联赛; pinyin, Zhōngguó Zúqiú Xiéhuì Chāojí Liánsài), commonly known as Chinese Super League (中超 联赛) and currently called Ping An Chinese Football Association Super League For sponsorship reasons, it is the highest professional football competition in the People's Republic of China, organized by the Chinese Football Association, attached to the Asian Confederation.

It was created after the re-founding of the Jia-A League in 2004. Since 2007 it has been promoted and relegated to China League One. As in most countries with low temperatures in winter, the season begins in March and ends in November.

Contested by 12 teams in its inaugural year, the league has expanded to now have 16 clubs. The championship has been won by seven teams: Shenzhen Jianlibao, Dalian Shide, Shandong Luneng, Changchun Yatai, Beijing Guoan, Guangzhou Evergrande, Shanghai SIPG and Jiangsu Suning FC.

Our Story

Like other Asian and / or communist countries, China did not have a professional soccer league until the 1990s. In 1994 the first season of the Jia A., a league that allowed participation in the highest category of clubs belonging to companies, and forced all its members to adopt professionalism. Previously, only clubs related to local federations, or those linked to estates such as the army or the police, could participate in national championships. The first champion was Dalian Shide, then known as Dalian Wanda.

The championship maintained a good progression until 1997, after the Chinese national soccer team failed to qualify for the 1998 World Cup, attendance at the stadiums fell sharply (with attendance of 10 people per game), interest did not recover until that the national team qualified for the 2002 World Cup. To give Chinese football greater stability, the national federation again modified the championship, and in 2004 changed its name to the Chinese Super League. The new tournament forced its participants to meet a series of economic requirements, as well as promote the quarry and limit the hiring of foreigners.

Throughout its history, the Chinese Super League has been involved in several scandals related to sports betting and alleged match-fixing, which even caused China Central Television to refuse to cover the tournament in 2009. That year the Chinese Federation declined two teams for this reason, and in 2010 the Chinese government forced the resignation of senior officials of national football.

Format

The Chinese Super League has an identical format to that of most soccer championships, with a regular league competition that runs from March to November, thus avoiding winter. 16 teams participate, facing each other in two rounds, back and forth. The team with the most points at the end of the season is proclaimed league champion, while the last two fall to the second level of Chinese football, China League One. There is also a cup championship, the China Football Cup.

The league is governed by FIFA regulations, with three points for victory, one for a tie and none for a loss. To promote Chinese football, the national federation limits the number of foreign players to four per team - with three of them being able to line up - with an extra place for those who come from a country attached to the Asian Confederation. In international competitions, the top two league finishers and the soccer China Cup champion represent China in the AFC Champions League.

Equipment

China edcp location map.svg

Map pointer.svg
Beijing Guoan
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Changchun Yatai
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Chongqing Dangdai
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Dalian Pro
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Guangzhou F.C.
Guangzhou City
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Hebei F.C.
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Henan Songshan Longmen
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Jiangsu F.C.
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Qingdao F.C.
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Shandong taishan
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Shanghai Shenhua
Shanghai SIPG
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Shenzhen
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Wuhan
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Tianjin Tigers
Teams of the Chinese Super League 2021
Team City Stadium Capacity
Beijing Guoan Pekin Beijing Fengtai Stadium 66.161
Changchun Yatai Changchun Changchun City Stadium 22.140
Chongqing Lifan Chongqing Chongqing Olympic Sports Center 58.660
Dalian Pro Dalian Dalian Sports Center 61.000
Guangzhou F.C. Guangzhou Tianhe Stadium 58.500
Guangzhou City Guangzhou Yuexiushan Stadium 18.000
Hebei F.C. Langfang Langfang Stadium 33.572
Henan Songshan Longmen Zhengzhou Zhengzhou Hanghai Stadium 29.000
Jiangsu F.C. Nanking Nanjing Olympic Sports Center 65.769
Qingdao Huanghai Qingdao Qingdao Guoxin Stadium 45.000
Shandong taishan Jinan Jinan Olympic Sports Center Stadium 60.000
Shanghai port Shanghai Pudong football stadium 37.000
Shanghai Shenhua Shanghai Hongkou Stadium 33.060
Shenzhen FC Shenzhen Shenzhen Universiade Sports Center 60.334
Tianjin Tigers Tianjin Tianjin Olympic Center 54.696
Wuhan F.C. Wuhan Dongxihu Sports Center 33.000

History

For a summary of all champions from professional soccer in China see Champions of Chinese soccer
Season Champion runner-up Third Top scorer Club goals
2004 shenzhen jianlibao Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Inter Shanghai Flag of Ghana.svg Kwame ayew Inter Shanghai
17
2005 Dalian Shide F.C. Shanghai Shenhua F.C. Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Flag of Serbia.svg branko jelic Beijing Guoan F.C.
21
2006 Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Shanghai Shenhua F.C. Beijing Guoan F.C. Flag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg Li Jinyu Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
26
2007 Changchun Yatai FC Beijing Guoan F.C. Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Flag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg Li Jinyu Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
15
2008 Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Shanghai Shenhua F.C. Beijing Guoan F.C. Flag of Brazil.svg Éber Luis Tianjin Teda F.C.
14
2009 Beijing Guoan F.C. Changchun Yatai FC Henan Construction FC Flag of Argentina.svg Hernan Barcos Shanghai Shenhua F.C.
17
2010 Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Tianjin Teda F.C. Shanghai Shenhua F.C. Flag of Colombia.svg Duvier Riascos Shanghai Shenhua F.C.
20
2011 Guangzhou Evergrande FC Beijing Guoan F.C. Liaoning Whowin Flag of Brazil.svg Muriqui Guangzhou Evergrande FC
16
2012 Guangzhou Evergrande FC Jiangsu Sainty Beijing Guoan F.C. Flag of Romania.svg Cristian Danalache Jiangsu Sainty
23
2013 Guangzhou Evergrande FC Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Beijing Guoan F.C. Flag of Brazil.svg Elkeson Guangzhou Evergrande FC
24
2014 Guangzhou Evergrande FC Beijing Guoan F.C. Guangzhou R&F FC Flag of Brazil.svg Elkeson Guangzhou Evergrande FC
28
2015 Guangzhou Evergrande FC Shanghai SIPG FC Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Flag of Brazil.svg Aloísio Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
22
2016 Guangzhou Evergrande FC Jiangsu Suning F.C. Shanghai Shenhua F.C. Flag of Brazil.svg Ricardo Goulart Guangzhou Evergrande FC
19
2017 Guangzhou Evergrande FC Shanghai SIPG FC Tianjin Quanjian FC Flag of Israel.svg Eran Zahavi Guangzhou R&F FC
27
2018 Shanghai SIPG FC Guangzhou Evergrande FC Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Flag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg Wu Lei Shanghai SIPG FC
27
2019 Guangzhou Evergrande FC Beijing Guoan F.C. Shanghai SIPG FC Flag of Israel.svg Eran Zahavi Guangzhou R&F FC
29
2020 Jiangsu Suning F.C. Guangzhou Evergrande FC Beijing Guoan F.C. Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Cédric Bakambu Beijing Guoan F.C.
14

Titles by club

Club Champion Champion years runner-up Runner-up years
Guangzhou Evergrande FC
8
2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019
2
2018, 2020
Shandong Luneng Taishan FC
3
2006, 2008, 2010
2
2004, 2013
Beijing Guoan FC
1
2009
4
2007, 2011, 2014, 2019
Shanghai SIPG FC
1
2018
2
2015, 2017
Jiangsu Suning FC
1
2020
2
2012, 2016
Changchun Yatai FC
1
2007
1
2009
Dalian Shide FC
1
2005
-
Shenzhen FC
1
2004
-
Shanghai Shenhua FC
-
3
2005, 2006, 2008
Tianjin Teda FC
-
1
2010
  • Missing equipment.

List of national champions since 1994

Team Champion runner-up Seasons won
Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao F.C.
8
3
2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019
Dalian Shide F.C.
8
0
1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005
Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
4
2
1999, 2006, 2008, 2010
Jiangsu Suning F.C.
1
2
2020
Shanghai SIPG FC
1
2
2018
Beijing Guoan F.C.
1
5
2009
Changchun Yatai FC
1
1
2007
Shenzhen FC
1
1
2004
Shanghai Greenland Shenhua F.C.
1
8
1995

  • The teams in bold font compete in the 2019 Super League Season. Italics indicates extinct equipment.
  •  Shanghai Shenhua was stripped of the 2003 China Jia-A Soccer League title on February 19, 2013 over scandals.

Total titles by city / town

City Town Championships Equipment
Dalian
8
Dalian Shide (8)
Guangzhou
8
Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao (8)
Jinan
4
Shandong Luneng Taishan (4)
Shanghai
2
Shanghai Greenland Shenhua (1), Shanghai SIPG (1)
Beijing
1
Beijing Guoan (1)
Changchun
1
Changchun Yatai (1)
Shenzhen
1
Shenzhen (1)
nankeen
1
Jiangsu Suning(1)

Total titles by region

Region Number of titles Clubs
northeast
9
Dalian Shide (8), Changchun Yatai (1)
Southern central
9
Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao (8) Shenzhen (1)
This
7
Shandong Luneng Taishan (4) Shanghai Greenland Shenhua (1), Shanghai SIPG (1), Jiangsu Suning (1)
North
1
Beijing Guoan (1)
Southwest
-
Northwest
-

Historical classification

Historical classification from the founding of the league in 2004 until the end of the 2018 Season.

Clubs in the 2019 Chinese Super League
Pos Clubs temp PD G E P GF GC diff Pts. 1st 2nd
1 Shandong Luneng Taishan 15 434 216 118 100 754 498 256 766 3 2
2 Beijing Sinobo Guoan 15 434 205 125 104 652 434 218 740 1 3
3 Shanghai Greenland Shenhua 15 434 169 137 128 605 546 59 644 - 3
4 Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao 10 300 180 68 52 635 304 331 608 8 2
5 Tianjin Teda 15 434 155 135 144 564 555 9 600 - 1
6 Changchun Yatai 13 386 142 107 137 512 508 4 533 1 1
7 Guangzhou R & F 14 404 129 113 162 505 581 −76 500 - -
8 Beijing Renhe 13 374 121 122 131 449 463 −14 485 - -
9 Liaoning FC 13 374 106 110 158 440 566 −126 428 - -
10 Jiangsu Suning 10 300 107 93 100 398 357 41 414 - 2
11 Henan Jianye 11 328 95 99 134 330 411 −81 384 - -
12 Dalian Shide 9 254 96 78 80 332 304 28 366 1 -
13 Zhejiang Greentown 10 298 87 92 119 325 392 −67 353 - -
14 Qingdao Jonoon 10 284 82 87 115 303 361 −58 333 - -
15 Shanghai SIPG 6 180 93 49 38 353 213 140 328 1 2
16 Chongqing Dangdai Lifan 9 256 58 75 123 270 410 −140 249 - -
17 Shenzhen FC 8 224 59 70 92 227 307 −80 247 1 -
18 Shanghai Shenxin 6 180 46 43 91 176 265 −89 181 - -
19 Dalian Yifang 4 120 38 35 47 160 191 −31 149 - -
20 Hebei CFFC 3 90 36 23 31 135 126 9 131 - -
21 wuhan guanggu 4 112 30 23 59 91 189 −98 113 - -
22 Chengdu Tiancheng 3 90 23 29 38 89 123 −34 98 - -
23 Tianjin Tianhai 2 60 24 18 18 87 81 6 90 - -
24 Shijiazhuang Ever Bright 2 60 15 24 21 62 84 −22 69 - -
25 Guizhou Hengfeng 2 60 19 9 32 73 111 −38 66 - -
26 Shanghai United 2 54 14 19 21 50 60 −10 61 - -
27 Yanbian Funde 2 60 15 14 31 71 105 −34 59 - -
28 Xiamen Lanshi 2 56 13 19 24 50 73 −23 58 - -
29 SichuanGuancheng 2 48 12 16 20 57 82 −25 52 - -
30 Zhejiang Yiteng 1 30 5 6 19 35 56 −21 21 - -
31 Wuhan Zall 1 30 3 7 20 24 58 −34 16 - -
Total 15 3,374 2,208 1852 2,208 9,164 - 8,476 15

Awards

The official awards of the Chinese Super League are awarded to players, coaches and referees according to their performances during that season.

Most important player in the league

The winners of this award are:

Year Soccer player Club Nationality
2004
Zhao junzhe Liaoning zhongyu ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China
2005
branko jelic Beijing Guoan F.C. SerbiaFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia
2006
Zheng Zhi Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China
2007
du zhenyu Changchun Yatai FC ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China
2008
Emil Martinez Shanghai Shenhua F.C. HondurasFlag of Honduras.svg Honduras
2009
Samuel Knight Changchun Yatai FC HondurasFlag of Honduras.svg Honduras
2010
Duvier Riascos Shanghai Shenhua F.C. ColombiaFlag of Colombia.svg Colombia
2011
Muriqui Guangzhou Evergrande FC BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil
2012
Cristian Danalache Jiangsu Sainty RomaniaFlag of Romania.svg Romania
2013
Dario Conca Guangzhou Evergrande FC Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
2014
Elkeson Guangzhou Evergrande FC BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil
2015
Ricardo Goulart Guangzhou Evergrande FC BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil
2016
Ricardo Goulart Guangzhou Evergrande FC BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil
2017
Eran Zahavi Guangzhou R&F FC IsraelFlag of Israel.svg Israel
2018
Wu Lei Shanghai SIPG FC ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China

Golden Boot

- The award is awarded to the top scorer of the season.

Year Nationality Soccer player Club goals
2004
GhanaFlag of Ghana.svg Ghana Kwame ayew Inter Shanghai
17
2005
SerbiaFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia branko jelic Beijing Guoan F.C.
21
2006
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Li Jinyu Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
26
2007
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Li Jinyu Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
15
2008
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Éber Luis Tianjin Teda F.C.
14
2009
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina Hernan Barcos Shanghai Shenhua F.C.
17
2010
ColombiaFlag of Colombia.svg Colombia Duvier Riascos Shanghai Shenhua F.C.
20
2011
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Muriqui Guangzhou Evergrande FC
16
2012
RomaniaFlag of Romania.svg Romania Cristian Danalache Jiangsu Sainty
23
2013
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Elkeson Guangzhou Evergrande FC
24
2014
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Elkeson Guangzhou Evergrande FC
28
2015
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Aloísio Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
22
2016
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Ricardo Goulart Guangzhou Evergrande FC
15
2017
IsraelFlag of Israel.svg Israel Eran Zahavi Guangzhou R&F FC
27
2018
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Wu Lei Shanghai SIPG FC
27

trainers

Champion coaches

Marcello Lippi in China training 01

Marcello Lippi, three titles with Guangzhou Evergrande.

Year Nationality Coach Club
2004
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Zhu Guanghu shenzhen jianlibao
2005
SerbiaFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia Vladimir Petrovic Dalian Shide F.C.
2006
SerbiaFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia Ljubisa Tumbakovic Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
2007
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Gao Hongbo Changchun Yatai FC
2008
SerbiaFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia Ljubisa Tumbakovic Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
2009
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Hong Yuanshuo Beijing Guoan F.C.
2010
CroatiaFlag of Croatia.svg Croatia Branko Ivankovic Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
2011
South KoreaFlag of South Korea.svg South Korea Lee Jang-Soo Guangzhou Evergrande FC
2012
ItalyFlag of Italy.svg Italy Marcello Lippi Guangzhou Evergrande FC
2013
ItalyFlag of Italy.svg Italy Marcello Lippi Guangzhou Evergrande FC
2014
ItalyFlag of Italy.svg Italy Marcello Lippi Guangzhou Evergrande FC
2015
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Luiz Felipe Scolari Guangzhou Evergrande FC
2016
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Luiz Felipe Scolari Guangzhou Evergrande FC
2017
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Luiz Felipe Scolari Guangzhou Evergrande FC
2018
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal Vítor Pereira Shanghai SIPG FC
2019
ItalyFlag of Italy.svg Italy Fabio Cannavaro Guangzhou Evergrande FC
2020
RomaniaFlag of Romania.svg Romania Cosmin Olăroiu Jiangsu Suning

Coach of the year

- The best-regarded coach in each season.

Year Nationality Coach Club Results
2004
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Zhu Guanghu shenzhen jianlibao Chinese Super League Champion
2005
SerbiaFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia Vladimir Petrovic Dalian Shide F.C. Champion of the Super League and Chinese Cup
2006
SerbiaFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia Ljubisa Tumbakovic Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Champion of the Super League and Chinese Cup
2007
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Gao Hongbo Changchun Yatai FC Chinese Super League Champion
2008
SerbiaFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia Ljubisa Tumbakovic Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Chinese Super League Champion
2009
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Tang Yaodong Henan Jianye FC Third in the Chinese Super League
2010
CroatiaFlag of Croatia.svg Croatia Branko Ivankovic Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Chinese Super League Champion
2011
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Ma Lin Liaoning Whowin Third in the Chinese Super League
2012
SerbiaFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia Dragan Okuka Jiangsu Sainty Runner-up of the Chinese Super League
2013
ItalyFlag of Italy.svg Italy Marcello Lippi Guangzhou Evergrande FC Champion of the Chinese Super League and Asian Champions
2014
SpainFlag of Spain.svg Spain Gregorio Manzano Beijing Guoan F.C. Runner-up of the Chinese Super League
2015
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Luiz Felipe Scolari Guangzhou Evergrande FC Champion of the Chinese Super League and Asian Champions
2016
BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Luiz Felipe Scolari Guangzhou Evergrande FC Chinese Super League Champion
2017
ItalyFlag of Italy.svg Italy Fabio Cannavaro Tianjin Quanjian FC Third in the Chinese Super League
2018
ChinaFlag of the Peoples Republic of China.svg China Li Xiaopeng Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Third in the Chinese Super League

Sponsorship

Year Sponsorship
2004
Siemens Mobile
2005
No Sponsorships
2006
iphox
2007-2008
Kingway beer
2009-2010
Pirelli
2011-2013
Wanda plaza
2011-2018
Ping An Insurance

See also

  • China cup
  • Chinese Super Cup
  • China National Soccer Team
  • China soccer stadiums

Outlinks

  • Official website of the Chinese Super League
  • Official statistics of the championship
  • Chinese Super League results