|UEFA Champions League|
|LXVI edition (2020-21)|
|Venue||UEFA associated territories|
|Foundation||4th September 1955
European Champion Clubs Cup
August 19st, 1992
UEFA Champions League
|Official TV||See Television rights|
|runner-up||Paris Saint-Germain FC|
|Participants||32 teams (+45 previous rounds)
|Matches||125 (not counting previous phases)|
|Highest scorer||Cristiano Ronaldo (135)|
|More titles||real Madrid FC (13)|
|More endings||real Madrid FC (16)|
|More presences||real Madrid FC (51)|
|Classification a|| European Super Cup
Club World Cup
|Related competitions||Europa League (2nd level)
Conference League (3.er level)
La UEFA Champions League (At English and officially: UEFA Champions League), originally known as European Cup, is the international tournament official football most prestigious at club level among those organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFAIt is also the Sporting event most followed annual in the world, with more than 350 million viewers in 2018.
Disputed annually, it was created at the initiative of the newspaper The Team In the season 1955-56 under the denomination of European Champion Clubs Cup (original name in French, European Champions Club Coupe), With a direct elimination format. Designed to define the best club on the continent, in 1992 the tournament was restructured to include for the first time a format of league competition or group stage as a previous step to the eliminatory phase, for which it was renamed with its current name for the edition 1992-93 , consolidating this format. Originally, the champion teams of the national leagues were classified for their participation in the contest, but, in 1997, the runners-up also began to participate and, in 1999, those classified up to fourth place, depending on the UEFA coefficient of each league, with those with the lowest coefficient having to pass a previous phase.
The winner of this competition disputes the European Super Cup against the champion of the Europa League and, as representative of the confederation, the FIFA Club World Cup.The current champion is Bayern Munich who won his sixth title after beating the Paris Saint-Germain Football Club ranking as the third most awarded club among the 524 historical participants of the competition, a classification that leads the Real Madrid Football Club with thirteen titles. spanish federation It is the one that has achieved the most championships with eighteen, followed by the Englishwoman with thirteen and the Italian company with twelve.
In June 1955, UEFA approved the organization of a competition between European clubs called European Champion Clubs Cup (original name in French, European Champions Club Coupe), —Better known as European Cup- This was promoted by the French sports newspaper. The Team from the hand of its director at the time Gabriel Hanot together with his colleague Jacques Ferran, and with the support of the president of the Real Madrid Football Club, Santiago Bernabeu, as well as Gusztav Sebes, Hungary's undersecretary for sports and UEFA vice-president. The competition, whose creation was inspired by the South American Champions Championship, Intended to unify a tournament at the European level to designate the best club on the continent after the predecessors Mitropa Cup y Latin Cup, among others.
"1.er L'Équipe project: February 1955.
Projet d'un regulation d'une Coupe d'Europe de football
1st A football competition reserved for the great European teams is organized, from the 1955-56 season, by the journal L'Équipe. Elle a nom "Coupe d'Europe de L'Equipe" and endowed with an objet d'art by the journal organizer. It will be part of the competition that the teams invite by the organizers. Une Commission d'Organization, in front of the representatives of the large European associations, aura tout pouvoir to apply the présent règlement. "
"1.er L'Équipe project: February 1955.
Draft regulation for a European Football Cup
A football competition reserved for the great European teams is organized, from the 1955-56 season, by the newspaper L'Équipe. She has the name of "L'Équipe European Cup" and endowed with an art object by the organizing newspaper. The teams invited by the organizers will take part in this competition. An Organizing Committee, where the representatives of the main European associations will enter, will have the power to enforce these regulations. "Gabriel Hanot. Extract from the draft of the first regulation. February 1955. Paris
Finally, there were eighteen teams that responded and supported the initiative —one for each territory represented—, attending by invitation. Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Yugoslavia, Austria, the Netherlands, Italy, the Saar Protectorate, Denmark, France, Hungary, Belgium, Sweden, Poland, Germany and Scotland were the final representatives to a tournament that had notable absent teams in this first edition due to the lack of consolidation of the newly created UEFA to give it sufficient projection and the indifference of the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) with the incipient tournament. Among them, the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and England did not contest finally, the most notable being the non-appearance of an English team and whose honor should fall to the Chelsea Football Club, current champion, but The Football Association urged the club not to participate for various reasons being replaced by the Polish representative. Thus, the competition did not have an English representative after they and especially the Wolverhampton Wanderers Football Club indirectly the final driving forces of the tournament. West midlands it was considered at the time as one of the best teams. These, after winning a friendly match at Budapesti Honvéd Sport EgyesÃ¼let —Team formed almost entirely by the "Magic magyars" members of the fearsome Hungarian national team- were proclaimed by the English press as the 'world champions', triggering a final push for the creation of the competition.
Thus, after UEFA validated the established bases and expanded the quota of participants to any federation wishing to participate without any other federation deciding to do so, sixteen teams were the final contenders.
The "Madrid of Di Stéfano" heads the European supremacy
The competition started because the month of September of the following football season after agreeing on the pairings in a meeting held in May by all the contestants, and which would be resolved, at the suggestion of the Royal Sporting Club Anderlecht Belgian, by direct elimination matches from the round of XNUMX until deciding a champion in the final to be played in Paris, as it is the headquarters of the main promoter.
After the twenty-nine games played, the first winner was the Real Madrid Football Club Spaniard, who defeated the Stadium Reims French 4-3 in the final played in the Parc des PrincesThe first meeting that opened the competition took place on September 4, 1955 between the Sporting Clube de Portugal and Fudbalski Klub Partizan in the National Stadium de Lisboa ending with a tie at three goals, while the first goal of the competition was scored after 14 minutes of play by the Portuguese Joao Baptista Martins.
At the end of the first edition a total of 127 goals were scored, being Milos Milutinovic of FK Partizan the top scorer with eight goals in the only four games his team played before being eliminated, and who scored a total of eleven. In terms of teams, it was Real Madrid CF that scored the most with a total of twenty.
The hegemony of the Madrid club continued during the next four editions, winning in the finals to the Fiorentina Calcium Association, The Association Calcio Milan, Again the Stadium Reims and Eintracht FrankfurtThe Madrid team played at that time such important players in the football scene as Alfredo Di Stefano, Ferenc puskás, Paco Gento, Jose Santamaria o Hector Rial among others, being considered years later as one of the best teams in this sport mainly due to these five titles, thanks to which they were baptized as the «Madrid by Di Stéfano"And with the nickname" Vikings "after the chronicle of the fifth final written in the English newspaper The Times, an appellation that since then accompanies the club:
"Real wanders through Europe as the Vikings once walked, destroying everything in its path."
"Real Madrid walks through Europe like the Vikings used to walk, destroying everything in their path."The Times. May 19, 1960. London.
That last final, considered years later as the best final in the history of the competition, allowed "the whites" to sign a feat that with the passage of time would be historic since it has not been able to match itself so far. The five consecutive European Cups remain the best performance ever achieved by a team in the history of the competition.
In those editions, only the champions of each participating country competed and other renowned teams such as the Manchester United Football Club as the first English representative, the Porto Football Club, Ballspielverein Borussia or Fudbalski klub Crvena Zvezda Beograd among others, while the success of the first edition increased the number of participants to 22 in its second year. For this reason, a preliminary round had to be played before the final knockout round. In it, another of the novelties of the tournament was given when qualifying for its dispute on Athletic Bilbao, assuming that two teams from the same country participated for the first time, as Real Madrid CF was already classified as the current champion, and the latter being the only one to repeat participation. The other fifteen remaining teams that took part in the round of XNUMX were all debutants. For its part, AC Fiorentina was on the verge of equaling Madrid as the team with the best debut in the competition after finishing as runner-up.
The English were finally able to prove their worth in Europe in official competition at the hands of the representative of Manchester, who reached the semifinals of the competition before being defeated by the reigning champion. Also, two of his players, Dennis Violet y Tommy taylor were the top scorers with 9 and 8 goals respectively, one above Alfredo Di Stefano, who already accumulated 12 goals after two editions and was beginning to be the real star of the competition.
In the coming years there were novel circumstances such as the first time that the title was decided in overtime or the first meeting between two teams from the same country -Sevilla Football Club against Real Madrid CF— both events occurred in the third edition, the repetition of a final between two teams —Stade de Reims against Real Madrid CF— and a match between two teams from the same city -Club Atlético de Madrid against Real Madrid CF— produced in the fourth edition, or that a player for the first time won the competition as a footballer and as a coach -Miguel Muñoz after the fifth Madrid title - among other events, while the number of participants increased to 27.
The success of the already consolidated competition led to the birth of another one worldwide, the Intercontinental Cup, who would now face the European champion with the South American champion of the Copa Libertadores de América.
Eusébio and SL Benfica take over
In the 1960-61 edition there was finally a new champion, the Sport Lisboa e Benfica Portuguese. That year the five-time champion Real Madrid could not pass the round of XNUMX being eliminated for the first time in the competition, and curiously at the hands of his eternal rival the Barcelona Football ClubWho had just achieved his qualification in the preliminary round to avenge his elimination at the hands of Madrid in the semifinals of the previous edition. Although the tie was not without controversy, later the Barcelona team reached the final held in the Wankdorfstadion de Bern in which the benfiquistas, led by Bela Guttmann, became the second team to lift the trophy after winning 3-2.
El Sport Lisboa e Benfica got the next edition retain the title of champion as the Spaniards did after winning this time in the Olympisch Stadion Amsterdam the top laureate, Real Madrid by 5-3. In the team he was already a very young reference Eusebio da Silva, author of the last two goals that gave the Portuguese the title, overcoming the disadvantage thanks to three goals from Ferenc puskás, only player to score a hat trick in the final of the European Cup with his partner Di Stéfano, and with whom he added seven in the finals, also equaling the Argentine player (records still in force as of 2018).
Led by Eusébio, who scored 47 total goals throughout his appearances to just two of the historical top scorer Di Stefano, the Portuguese reached the final for the third time in a row, this time defeated by AC Milan in the Wembley Stadium de London by 2-1 Italy finally won the title that it had been pursuing in previous editions, since it was not for nothing that it was considered one of the footballing powers of the time, as it would demonstrate in successive editions.
Continuing with the dominance of the Latin teams of southern Europe, the next two editions were dominated by the Italian team of the Internazionale Football Club de Sandro Mazzola, Luis Suárez y Helen Herrera, who defeated the only champions of the competition so far, Real Madrid CF - who had seven finals - and SL Benfica - in their fourth appearance - in their finals. Said meetings held in the praterstadion de Vienna and in the Stadio San Siro de Milan they ended with results of 3-1 and 1-0 respectively.
After two lost finals, it was again the Madridistas who in the 1965-66 edition won the title, the sixth of his record and after having played eight of the eleven finals to date. In the final held in the Stade Roi Bauduin de Brussels al Fudbalski Klub Partizan by 2-1. The final was remembered as it was the first time that a team won the title without any foreigners in their ranks, all of them being Spanish in this case. In the Madrid team, only the veteran Paco Gento remained as a representation of the golden generation of Madrid, becoming the player who has won the European Cup the most times with the six championships, a record still in force today.
It should be noted that to date, only the French Stade de Reims on two occasions, the German Eintracht Frankfurt and the recently mentioned Yugoslav FK Partizan managed to reach a final dominated to date by the Latin South European teams.
Northern Europe enters the scene (1966-84)
For season 1966-67 the winner was proclaimed Celtic Football Club Scottish team, being the first British team to be proclaimed victorious since the teams of the British islands began to participate in the second edition of the tournament. For the second time in the competition, a team without foreigners became champions after defeating "the Catholics" 2-1 against the Italians of FC Internazionale in the National Stadium de Lisboa. It was a prelude to the first victory of the inventors of football in the highest club competition at European level, since the following year the winner was the Manchester United Football Club English after winning the final held at the Wembley Stadium two-time champion SL Benfica 4-1 in overtime in a match in which the Portuguese reached their fifth final in thirteen years. However, complete English supremacy in the competition was yet to come.
Previously, AC Milan was the only team from the award-winning Southern Europe capable of unseating the north of the continent as the winner. The 1968-69 final celebrated in the Santiago Bernabeu Stadium faced a team of the Netherlands, being the first of the five consecutive times that a team from that country would reach the final since then. In it, the Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax was defeated 4-1, a team in which a young man began to emerge Johan Cruyff.
Dutch teams dominated the competition for the next four years, earning a title on Feijenoord and three the AFC Ajax with the refined tactics and soccer technique acquired from the remembered Rinus michels, named as «Total soccer», And that he already practiced Hungarian national team of the "Gold team»In the fifties. The Roterdameans beat Scottish Celtic FC 2-1 in extra time in the Stadio San Siro, while the Amsterdammers defeated the Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos, FC Internazionale and Juventus Football Club, who was accessing the final for the first time. In this way, the Dutch team became the second team after Real Madrid CF to win the trophy for winning the competition three times in a row.
During the next three seasons a new team appeared on the European scene. The Germans of the Fußball-Club Bayern they won the competition in the next three editions, thus also obtaining the trophy in property. The team, in which players like Franz Beckenbauer, Gerd Muller, Sepp maier, Uli Hoeneß o Paul breitner, started winning the end of 1973-74 al Club Atlético de Madrid in the Stade Roi Bauduin in which it is to date the longest final in the history of the tournament as it is the only one in which it was necessary to play two games to obtain a champion. On the date there were no penalties to resolve a tie, so if at the end of the extra time there was no winner, new matches had to be played until one of the two teams was the winner. After equalizing the Bavarians in the final moments of the match the rojiblanco opening goal, they prevailed in the tiebreaker game 4-0. In the later finals he got rid of the Leeds United Football Club English and the Association Sportive de Saint-Etienne French. Those were the years of German rule in world football, where your selection came from proclaiming herself the winner of both Eurocup and the World Cup. Their supremacy seemed to extend into the club arena, until they were stopped by the inventors of football, England.
"The cradle of football" dominates Europe
Since 1977, a total of seven out of eight championships were won by English teams, the first six being in a row. However, it was the FC Dynamo Kyiv the Soviet Union that eliminated the current German champions. This was one of the few ephemeris achieved by a team of the brave and laureate Soviet Union in a competition in which they failed to garner meritorious performances, with the exception of these semifinals reached by some Kievites led by Oleh blokhin y Volodymyr Onyshchenko.
Of the aforementioned succession of titles, four were achieved by the Liverpool Football Club, one for the Aston Villa Football Club, and two for the Nottingham Forest Football Club, who equaled the best performance of a debutant team in the competition by winning not only the title in their first appearance in the tournament, but also being able to retain it in the following edition - matching the performance of the Madridistas in their first two editions. The victims of the English in chronological order were the Borussia Verein für Leibesübungen Monchengladbach, Club Brugge Koninklijke Voetbalvereniging, MalmÃ¶ FotbollfÃ¶rening, Hamburger Sport-Verein, Real Madrid CF, FC Bayern and the Sports Association Rome.
The latter was the first final to date in the history of the tournament in which a team from the same city where the final is held loses, in addition to being the first decided since the penalty shots and thanks to which Liverpool was only one title away from being the fourth team to win the trophy as a property.— A fact that happened for the second time, since after having been proclaimed champion for the second time, it seemed the favorite in the 1978-79 editionHowever, in his first confrontation he had to face Nottingham Forest FC, who not only eliminated him but also ended up winning the competition twice in a row, before being succeeded again by "the reds" when they beat Real Madrid CF in the final. who reappeared in the final fifteen years later.
The only final not beaten during this period by an English team was the 1982-83 edition, which was defeated by Hamburger SV after defeating Juventus FC in the Olympiako Stadio Athinas by 1-0. It should be noted that this streak of notable English hegemony was also reflected between 1968 (date in which an English club won the competition for the first time) and until 1984 in the rest of UEFA competitions. In total, the Anglo-Saxons won twenty-two European titles out of sixty-one possible, or what is the same, 36% of them.
On May 29, 1985, the final was played between Juventus FC, who had just won the 1977 UEFA Cup 1984 European Cup Winners' Cup and 1984 European Super Cup, and the also successful Liverpool FC. The Turin team won with a goal from their star Michel Platini, beating the English again like the final of the previous European Super Cup. That day, before the game and provoked by English spirits, there was the «Heysel tragedy»Due to an avalanche of hooligans that caused the collapse of one of the stadium walls BrusselsThe incident caused 39 fatalities, 34 of whom were Italian followers, and more than 600 injured. The tragedy led to the expulsion of the clubs English of European competitions for five years, as a measure to curb the violence of their most radical followers, the hooligans, a trend that was beginning to spread in football. As a result, English supremacy in European competitions was curbed, in addition to marking the beginning of the era of fair play by FIFA as a measure to improve the safety and image of football. In sports, the final also meant that the Italian team was the first to conquer all the existing UEFA competitions, which is why it received a commemorative plaque from the highest European body.
The last years before the reform (1985-92)
A year after the events, the Fotbal Club Steaua Bucureşti, a team that reached a final for the first time, and FC Barcelona, a club that had never won the European Cup and had not reached the final for twenty-five years. Played in the Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán Stadium de Sevilla, the Romanians won in the penalty shootout after an unusual 0-0 at the end of the match, a circumstance that occurred for the first time in a final. The Romanian goalkeeper Helmuth Duckadam set an all-time record by stopping four of the pitches in a row. Romania became the eighth territory to have a European champion team.
The next two years had two unexpected champions: the Porto Football Club, who beat three-time champion FC Bayern 2-1 in the Vienna final; and the Philips Sport Vereniging, which was imposed in the end of 1987-88Held in the neckarstadion, to SL Benfica on penalties. This was the fourth final lost by the team lisbon in competition, calling the situation the "Curse of Béla Guttmann"Following his dismissal as two-time champion with the Portuguese, Guttman predicted that the club would never win a European competition without him as coach for the next hundred years. Since then, eight finals have been lost by the Lisbon team, the curse lasting a total of 52 years.
In 1989 and 1990, AC Milan added two new titles to their showcases for a total of four after beating FC Steaua București 4-0 and SL Benfica 1-0, preventing the Lisbon team from achieving the victory for the fifth time in history. qualification. The painting directed by Arrigo Sacchi, had in its ranks players like Franco Baresi, Marco van Basten, Ruud Gullit y Paolo Maldini being another of the most remembered teams both in the competition and worldwide. Maldini thus won the first two titles of the five he achieved throughout his active career, being the one with the most achievements after the six of the Spanish Paco Gento. This was also the last time in the competition in which a team managed to revalidate the title, until 2017.
The following year the Fudbalski klub Crvena Zvezda in the San Nicola Stadium de Bari. The Serbian set -Yugoslav at the time- defeated in the final Olympique de Marseille on penalties after a scoreless draw. A year later it was FC Barcelona who finally managed to proclaim themselves the winner after playing their third final. The Spanish prevailed in the extension to the Unione Calcio Sampdoria de Genoa 1-0 in the Wembley Stadium thanks to a bit of Ronald Koeman free kick in the 111th minute of extra time.
This was the last edition of the competition before undergoing a profound restructuring in its format, which began in 1990 with the new presidency in the establishment of Lennart Johansson, seeking a greater projection and henceforth to be referred to as UEFA Champions League.
The new denomination brings the most even time (1992-09)
The new denomination brought some changes in the format in 1992, looking for a way to introduce new contenders in the competition that would make it more contested, although these were not consolidated until years later with the consolidation of the current format in force since 1999-00 editionOne of the most relevant was the inclusion of a group stage prior to the final, similar to the last edition of the European Cup in which the quarter-finals and semi-finals were eliminated, and with direct access to the final. of the first of each group. Was the Olympique de Marseille who was proclaimed winner of that 1993 edition against Milan AC 1-0 with a goal from Basil Boli in the Olympic Stadium from Munich, becoming the only French team to win the tournament to date. However, the scandal that emerged that same year due to the uncovered plot of bribes and financial irregularities committed by its president Bernard Tapie prevented the French team from fighting for the defense of their title in the following campaign, being the first time that the current champion has not been able to defend his title.
In the 1993-94 edition the semifinals were restored after the league system, which was definitively established and gradually expanded from two to eight groups with the passing of the editions. After them, FC Barcelona and Milan AC met in the final in Athens. The Italians won 4-0, thus lifting their fifth title and taking it as their own, remaining just one of the six achieved by Real Madrid, whose drought had lasted for XNUMX years and had not reached a final for thirteen. The following year the Rossoneri They reached the final for the third year in a row - and the fifth time in seven years - but failed to beat AFC Ajax, who had beaten for the fourth time in twenty-two years since their last title. After 70 minutes of the game, a very young and almost unknown Patrick Kluivert He entered the pitch to later score the only goal of the game with just five minutes to go. The Dutch team reached the final again the following season but were defeated by the Juventus Football Club in the penalty shootout after 1-1 of the 120 regulation minutes.
The controversial Bosman Law
- For further analysis and detail of the impact and influence of the case on European football see Sentence and consequences of the Bosman Law
With the season 1996-97 the Bosman Law that allowed community players to play on a team without occupying a foreigner seat, and that reciprocally led to the inclusion of more players from the rest of the world by releasing the community seats from those allowed foreigners. This caused the clubs with more purchasing power to launch to hire the best players on the international scene, increasing their potential to the detriment of other European clubs with less financial power. Since then, and with the exception of a single year, the winner of the competition has been a member of one of the four best soccer leagues in Europe: the Premier League English, the Bundesliga German, the First Division Spanish or the Serie A Italian. A controversial sentence whose repercussions It took decades to become patent and that were some of the causes that marked the future of European football.
After the ruling, BV Borussia won the first Champions League in its history after defeating Juventus FC 3-1 in Germany, in an edition that preceded the establishment of the new competition format. In this, approved for the 1997-98 season in which a format closer to the current one was seen for the first time, the number of participating teams was increased as a most notable measure. It was the year in which, finally, after thirty-two years of waiting, Real Madrid CF once again proclaimed itself the winner after defeating Juventus FC 1-0, who reached their third consecutive final.
We had to wait until 1998-99 to see an English club once again crowned after the events in Heysel. Manchester United FC beat FC Bayern after turning the game around in injury time to win 1-2 thanks to goals from Teddy sheringham y Ole Gunnar Solskjaer, achieving one of the greatest feats in the history of the finals. It was the prelude to what seemed to be the end of the competition, after the agreement of a Super League. Despite this, and perhaps because there was not enough time to Such a complex restructuring was implemented in its place a series of changes that would improve the tournament. One of the most relevant was an expansion of the participating teams, which also affected the UEFA Cup with a profound restructuring that resulted in the absorption and disappearance of the European Cup Winners' Cup.
With thirty-two teams participating in its final phase they faced each other in the final of the Stade de France, and for the first time in the history of the competition, two teams from the same country: Real Madrid CF and Valencia Football Club, team that reached the final for the first time. The Madrilenians beat the Valencians by three goals to zero, with goals from Fernando Morientes, Steve McManaman y Raul Gonzalez, who was the top scorer of the competition until it was surpassed in 2014 by Lionel Messi y Cristiano Ronaldo. The Valencians tried to make up for the defeat the next year, but no luck. This time FC Bayern took the title by winning the penalty shoot-out thanks to the performance of the goalkeeper Oliver Kahn who stopped three of the pitches.
For the third time a Spanish team reached the final when Real Madrid CF again reached the last match of the 2001-02 edition, which was played in Hampden Park, Glasgow. In his third final in five years he beat 2-1 at Bayer Leverkusen thus obtaining its ninth European Cup and third under the new Champions League format. In this match the remembered volley goal of Zinedine Zidane that gave the victory to the Madrilenians in the year of its centenary. This goal was considered by the UEFA as the best goal in the history of European competitions and the Champions League finals.
In the season 2002-03 again and for the second time in history two teams from the same country met in the final. Italy was represented in the final of Old Trafford between AC Milan and Juventus FC, who played their fourth final in eight years, with the Milanese team winning the penalty shoot-out.
Thus, the only edition with the presence of a country other than the four considered to be the strongest football players in Europe since the Bosman Law was reached. Portugal and France, and more specifically FC Porto and the Monaco - debuting in a final - were measured so that the Portuguese were proclaimed victors for the second time in their history after defeating the French 3-0. Since then, the final has always been dominated by a representative of the four major leagues, also producing a curious alternation between the winners. It should be noted that for the date the denominated as G-14, and later reestablished as Association of European Clubs (ECA) began to seriously study the possibility of creating a competition to replace the Champions League made up exclusively of the strongest clubs in Europe. These movements put UEFA on alert, which began to instigate new formulas to establish its competition. and give it greater projection.
England, Spain and Italy, in that order, alternated in the conquest of the next six championships, which endorsed the idea of the ECA. Liverpool FC - who finally achieved their fifth title to be the last club to achieve it in ownership - AC Milan, Manchester United and Internazionale were the winners along with FC Barcelona, who won two titles in this succession.
This period left numerous outstanding events in the finals of the competition. In the first of the aforementioned finals the team of Liverpool rallied from a three-goal deficit to be considered one of the best matches of the tournament. In the final in which Maldini became the oldest player to score and set the fastest goal in a Champions League final the English managed to tie the match in the second half and force extra time before the Polish goal Jerzy dudek gave the title to the British in the penalty shoot-out. Another event occurred in the title won by the Barça fans against Barcelona. Arsenal in 2005-06 when a player was sent off for the first time in a Champions League final, that of the German goalkeeper for «the Gunners», Jens Lehmann. In the 2006-07 edition, the «rossonero» club won its seventh title in a season marked by the scandal of the Calciopoli in the Italian league, which almost cost the Italian team their participation in the competition. The last of the remarkable events happened in the victory of the group of Manchester being the first final of the competition between two English teams, and the third time that it took place between teams from the same country and that it was decided by a slip of John Terry in the fateful penalty shootout. In 1991, UEFA asked its business partner, Television Events and Media Marketing (TEAM), to help the brand of the Champions League.
The influence of the "big four leagues" (since 2009)
In the season 2009-10 A new format was established in the competition that separated the national champions of the league from the non-champion teams in the previous phase, which entered the scene in the third of four previous rounds, again seeking more competitiveness in the competition and alleviating the initiative of the ECA of an annexed competition, while again the number of participants in the previous phases was increased, and the date of the final was moved to Saturday.
The trend did not change to the disappointment of UEFA, and again Italy, Spain, England and Germany - who had not won for twelve years - became champions again. In the end of 2009-10 el FC Internazionale won his third title after defeating in the final at FC Bayern 2-0, becoming the first Italian club to win the European clover, being the sixth European club to do so after the one achieved by the Barça players just a few years earlier. Precisely they won their fourth title a year later after reissuing the final that took place in 2009 and taking place in 2012 the second defeat in the history of the competition of a club that played the title in its own city, and its own stadium. Chelsea lifted their first title after winning the Allianz Arena (Football stadium of Bayern Munich) Bayern on penalties, in another emotional final in the minutes leading up to the end of the match. The Bavarians, however, were able to recover the following year after thrashing Barcelona 7-0 on aggregate in the semifinals and prevailing 2-1 in the wembley final al Borussia Dortmund —First final disputed between two German teams and fourth between teams from the same country, after 2000 (Spanish), 2003 (Italians) and 2008 (English) -, managing to proclaim themselves continental champions for the fifth time in their history and win their first «triplet»League-Cup-Champìons, first in turn from a German club.
In the season 2013-14 , a final was played for the fifth time by clubs from the same country, which was also the first in the history of the tournament to be played by teams from the same city. Cristiano Ronaldo set the competition's goalscoring record, scoring seventeen goals that helped Real Madrid win their tenth title, after winning the Lisbon end against Atlético de Madrid 4-1.
In the campaign 2014-15 , the 60th edition of the competition was held. Barcelona won the title for the fifth time in its history, after winning the berlin end Juventus 3-1, equaling the five titles won by Bayern and Liverpool. On the other hand, the transalpine team became with six, the club with the most runners-up in the competition.
Back in season 2015-16 , they clashed in the Milan final, Atlético de Madrid and Real Madrid CF, being the second time in history that two teams from the same city contended for the title, in addition to being the sixth time that a final was repeated in the tournament's history, and leaving Atléticos as the club with the most lost finals, three, without having been proclaimed champion of the competition. On an individual level, the Portuguese Cristiano Ronaldo and the Argentine Lionel Messi, this season broke the scoring record in the competition, which until then held Raul Gonzalez with seventy-one goals. The goals scored by Cristiano, made him the first footballer to reach the Hundreds of goals in UEFA competitions, In addition to establishing a new scoring record in a group stage with eleven goals and signing his fifth top scorer award - equaling Lionel Messi, who has the best scoring ratio per game in his new format -, highlighting that since 2008 said The distinction has been awarded to them, either to Real Madrid or to Barcelona. Along with madridistas and barcelonistas, the also mentioned FC Bayern stood out sportingly, occupying among the three eighteen of the thirty-two semi-final places since the current format of the competition, and in which any of the three have managed to appear in one of the eight finals played since then and win six titles among the three that made clear the idea of these clubs to form a new Super League, which nevertheless paled UEFA with a new restructuring.
New reform and the influence of the ECA
Since the aforementioned Association of European Clubs (ECA) in its original G-14 body contemplated the possibility at the beginning of the 2000s that its big clubs would lead a disintegration to form a private European League or European Super League that would bring together the considered best clubs on the continent, they were introduced in constant conversations with UEFA to seek a common future favorable to all parties. Although it is true that such an initiative would not require UEFA for its conception, both parties consider that a joint collaboration is the most stable thing for the benefit of all , estates and clubs, without endangering too much subsistence. The discrepancies even reached the environment FIFA, and as of 2006 they were close to continuing their paths outside of their structure.
Since then, UEFA has carried out many of its reforms taking into account the requests or needs of the ECA, such as that the major leagues have more teams participating in the competition - accepted and established by UEFA in the competition in its latest renovations - thus such as reconsidering distribution criteria or their influences on television revenues to name a few. However, some of them such as the Financial Fair-Play or Market Pool they are still the subject of debate between the two organizations, which is why both signed a three-year agreement in force between the seasons. 2018 y 2021 in which the competition will undergo its major remodeling in favor of these great clubs and which seems to lead to the definitive restructuring of European competitions, until the new competition comes into force.
As for sports, the first season after signing this agreement once again left the big teams as the benchmarks in the competition. Of the 78 teams involved from the qualifying stages, and up to the 16 from the final knockout stage, only the Association Sportive de Monaco Football Club, Sport Lisboa e Benfica, Porto Football Club and Leicester City Football Club They are not among those considered large by the ECA that could make up the new competition, but they are all members of said bodyFour Spanish teams, three Germans, two Italians, two English and one French for a total of 12 are among those who lead this division, and since 2004 some of them have been champion of the Champions League.
In the end of the 2016-17 edition, the winner was again proclaimed Real Madrid Football Club after beating the Juventus Football Club 4-1 in what was his second consecutive final, third final in four years, being the fifth team that played a final as current champion under the current format. It was the twelfth global title for "the whites" and managed to be the first team to revalidate the title in the new competition - something that it already achieved under its name of the European Cup -, being its third title in four years, a record not seen since the XNUMXs. Individually, the Portuguese Cristiano Ronaldo He was proclaimed top scorer of the competition for the fifth consecutive year, raising his scoring figure in the competition beyond a hundred goals, being the first footballer to achieve it.
Far from being more competitive, they reached the quarterfinals of the 2017-18 edition eight teams belonging to the "four major leagues", a fact produced for the first time in the competition, including a total of 29 championships, and a total of 126 appearances in the aforementioned round, which greatly increased the The idea of forming the European Super League by 2021, although it was paralyzed at the expense of the 2018-21 triennium. It was finally Real Madrid CF and Liverpool FC who agreed to the Kiev end, with which the Madrilenians became the group with the most finals disputed under the old and new competition format, at the same time that the end of 1981. The Madrid's triumph made them the first club to win three consecutive championships since FC Bayern did it in the 1970s, completing a full five-year period of Spanish victories in the competition (2014–18).
The next year the English club managed to proclaim itself the winner after fourteen years without succeeding by beating their compatriots from the Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, who were playing their first final of the competition. With its sixth title «los reds»They were the third most successful club, just one behind AC Milan, who had been absent from the competition for five consecutive editions.
It was the prelude to new talks and negotiations about the restructuring of the tournament, scheduled for 2021 but which could be delayed until 2024 due to the great controversy between clubs and organizations. Encouraged by some of the most influential clubs in the ECA under However, the UEFA protection was rejected by clubs and some of the national league bodies such as the Spanish, English and French, claiming that it could destabilize local competitions A system of promotions and relegation between the Champions League and the Europa League , their dispute at the weekend, or extending the tournament by four games through a new restructuring that would affect the group stage or the round of XNUMX are some of the most controversial issues raised.
In tonic and accentuating recent events, for the 2019-20 season the highest scoring record of the group stage was established with 308 goals scored in 96 matches played, while for the first time in the history of the Champions League all the The members of the round of XNUMX belonged to the five major leagues in the territory: Spain, England, Italy, Germany and France. The dispute of the aforementioned tie coincided with an outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, a global viral pandemicThat arrived in Europe from Asia. As different countries of the continent registered cases of contagion and deaths, sports organizations began to take preventive measures and some of these matches were played behind closed doors (without public), and others They were canceled, to stop their progress. Despite this, the concern and contagions did not cease, and there were cases in soccer players and managers of various clubs, so the UEFA studied the possibility of canceling the competitions as they already did NBA or the Euroleague, To cite two examples of similar magnitude. Finally, on March 12, it confirmed that both the Champions League and the Europa League were suspended pending new events, and summoned its 55 federative members to a meeting by videoconference to decide their future. After that meeting, the meeting was postponed. 2020 Euro Cup the following year in anticipation of releasing the calendar and that the paralyzed competitions could be finalized if necessary. Thus, the resumption of the Champions League was set for the month of August, with a format from quarter-finals to a single match in the same venue, Lisbon.After the dispute of the matches, two French teams - for the first time in the history of the tournament, and after not having resumed their domestic competitions due to the pandemic - and two Germans - the first to conclude their local championship after the pandemic— qualified for the semifinals, with three of the four teams classified being able to become champions for the first time. Despite the aforementioned opportunity, it was finally the FC Bayern who beat the Paris Saint-Germain FC and thus equaled the six titles of the Liverpool FC, as the third most successful clubs. He also achieved it with a full of victories, the first club to achieve the feat, also achieving his second. triplet League-Cup-Champions On the contrary, French clubs did not take advantage of the opportunity to proclaim themselves winners and to interrupt the streak of the so-called "four major leagues" in the record. FC Porto, in 2004, and Olympique de Marseille in 1993 they remained one more year as the last occasions to break these trends.
- For a complete detail of the participating clubs and the format of the competition see Format and participating clubs in the UEFA Champions League
Participants and format
Since the tournament arose in 1955 with sixteen invited participants, a total of 524 different teams have participated in it. As of the second edition, it was the final classification in the European league system that gave access to contest the competition, then passing to twenty-two participants, the champions of each country or region plus the current champion. Although it was from the beginning the system chosen for the participants, the little acceptance that its first edition had among the clubs caused them to come for the aforementioned invitation. This number was increasing until the eighty-five that participate in the last edition of 2014-15, of which thirty-two go on to play its final phase. It was in 1997 when the national runners-up also entered the tournament for the first time, and in 1999 until the fourth place taking into account the UEFA coefficient.
Since the season 1999-2000 32 teams participate in the competition, which are organized in a first round that is played in the form of a league. There are eight groups with four teams in each group (by rule of the UEFA, there cannot be two teams from the same country in a single group). The teams of the groups face each other back and forth and the first two classified go to the next round, the eighth finals; the third of each group will go to the sixteenth of the UEFA Europa League.
In the first round draw, the calendars are also established so that two teams from the same country do not play both at home or both outside on the same day (or in the event that a country had three or four teams , so that two teams from the same country do not both play at home or away on the same day, if one takes into account that each matchday is played between Tuesday and Wednesday of the same week). Nor is it allowed to play matches of UEFA Champions League at the same time in fields located less than 200 km away. This rule has an exception referring to Russian equipment (negotiated by the defunct Soviet Union and which is maintained today), for which, due to the low temperatures that this country registers in winter, it is established that on the last day of the first round no matches are played there. Paradoxically, this rule is not applicable to other ex-Soviet republics such as Ukraine, Estonia or Belarus, among others.
One of the traditional characteristics of the tournament until 2018 was that all its matches were played on Tuesday or Wednesday at 20:45 p.m. (Central European time) simultaneously, with the exception of the final and the countries of Eastern Europe or Eurasia. From then on, keeping Tuesday and Wednesday as match dates, the schedules were divided into 18:55 p.m. and 21:00 p.m.
In the successive phases (direct elimination) until the final there is the tiebreaker criterion of the greatest number of goals scored in the opposite half. Both at the end of the ninety minutes and the overtime.
In the round of 16 there are 8 teams that face each other in a knockout. Each team will face another in a double game and the winner will go to the quarterfinals, in which there will be 4 teams facing each other again in an elimination way. In the semifinals there are XNUMX teams. There will be two matches and the winner of each match will reach the final. The final is the only match that is played in a single game and on a neutral field chosen by the UEFA before the start of the competition.
Traditionally, the tournament has always allowed the defending champion to defend the title without being a league champion. After restructuring and expanding the number of participants from the strongest leagues, UEFA regulated this type of situation. Giving the champion the privilege of being the first seed in the draws, as well as direct access to the group stage. And leaving in the hands of the national associations the possibility of sending the current champion, but to the detriment of the last classified in positions of access to it and always upon request to UEFA by the association. Real Zaragoza and Real Madrid Football Club, fourth and fifth respectively in the season 1999-2000 .Or of Everton Football Club and Liverpool Football Club in the season 2004-05, in the same situation.
As of 2018, under a new restructuring promoted by the clubs themselves, the four best federations had four teams qualified directly for the group stage, along with the best two of the next two. The direct quotas were completed by the champions of the federations with the best ranking from seventh to tenth place. On the other hand, the previous classification system of two routes continued, taking into account the classifications in the domestic tournament, and the limit of a maximum of five clubs from the same country to participate was maintained, adding the possible current champion.
For their participation, at the expense of having previously obtained the classification by sporting merits, each club must meet certain requirements set forth in article 43 of the tournament rules. They must send two lists of players ("A" and " B ») that will make up your squad of valid players to play matches in the competition. These lists, which include the numbers to be used by each player, are verified, validated and sent to UEFA, who gives their final validity.
The "A" list is made up of a maximum of 25 players, two of whom have to be goalkeepers, and which is generally the same official formation of the club in its local competition. Among them there is a minimum of eight places reserved exclusively for locally trained players, that is, in the quarry of the club. If you have fewer than eight locally trained players on your team, the maximum number of players on the 'A' list will be reduced accordingly. For a player to be considered for training, he must have played in any of the club's teams between 15 and 21 years of age, or have done so in another club in the same country.
If a club cannot have at least two goalkeepers on its 'A' list due to long-term injuries or illnesses (of at least 30 days of convalescence), a club may temporarily replace them at any time during the season.
Those born on or after January 1, 1995, are registered on list 'B', provided they are eligible to play for the club in question for an uninterrupted period of two years from their 15th birthday (players aged 16 they can be registered if they have been in the club in the previous two years). Clubs can enter an unlimited number of players on the 'B' list during the season, but the list has to be submitted no later than 24:00CET on the day before a match.
Clubs can change their teams during the season as long as they go to the knockout final phase, the knockout stages and notifying it before that date. They can register up to a maximum of three new players, and in any case the limit of 25 players in the list "A" is maintained. These players could have played the qualifying phase of the Champions League or the Europa League previously, but only one of them may have played in the Europa League group stage; While none of the squad could represent two Champions League clubs from the group stage onwards, a circumstance that was revoked for the 2019-20 season with no restrictions of any kind, in line with the local championships and not to to impose obstacles to the transfers of the winter market.
Champion Emblems and Trophy
The cup that is given to the winner of the tournament has had two different designs throughout history. The first version of the cup was delivered from the first season (1955-1956 ) until the season 1965-1966 . In March 1967, the UEFA Executive Committee authorized the real Madrid FC to stay in property with this first trophy that was donated by the newspaper The Team in the origins of the competition, being the most successful team to date, at that time the people of Madrid were also the reigning champions, after winning their sixth championship and adding it to the top five achieved in a row.
Starting the season 1966-67
The trophy was replaced by a silver cup designed by the Swiss Jörg Stadelmann, 74 centimeters tall and weighing 8 kilos, This model is popularly known as “la orejona” in Spain and Latin America due to its large handles. In the season 1968-69 A new rule was introduced: every team that proclaimed itself champion of the tournament three times in a row or five alternate times, would be awarded the trophy, and a new cycle would then begin with a new trophy of the same design.
This rule remained in force until season 2007-08, where the teams that proclaimed themselves champions without being able to complete the cycle had to return the trophy two months before the final of the following year, giving them in exchange a replica on a smaller scale. season 2008-09 UEFA is the owner ad eternum of the trophy and presents an exact replica to the champion - never again being awarded the authentic trophy in property - as well as a special badge of recognition.
Below are the only five clubs that have the authentic trophy in their showcases according to the chronological order of its obtaining:
- Real Madrid Football Club (after winning the editions of 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 y 1966: 5 in a row and 1 alternate).
- Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax (after winning the editions of 1971, 1972 y 1973: 3 in a row).
- Fußball-Club Bayern (after winning the editions of 1974, 1975 y 1976: 3 in a row).
- Association Calcio Milan (after winning the editions of 1963, 1969, 1989, 1990 y 1994: 5 alternate).
- Liverpool Football Club (after winning the editions of 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984 y 2005: 5 alternate).
Since the beginning of the season 2000-01, six clubs are entitled to wear the multiple champion insignia (in English, multiple-winner badgeIn order to obtain it, said teams must win three consecutive trophies or, failing that, five alternates, having a design of a oval in vertical position with a silver background, containing in its interior in white, the current logo of the silhouette of the competition trophy and the number of titles won by the club, with the official UEFA typography.
Unlike the old rule of obtaining the trophy in property, the account to receive the badge does not start again when a team achieves one of these cycles, but is maintained.
Four clubs were awarded the emblem automatically in 2000 for their achievements to date:
- Real Madrid Football Club (emblem of 8 cups after winning the editions of 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1998, 2000; being added later 5 more to carry an emblem of 13 glasses after the editions of 2002, 2014, 2016, 2017 y 2018).
- Association Calcio Milan (emblem of 5 cups after winning the editions of 1963, 1969, 1989, 1990 y 1994; being added later 2 more to carry an emblem of 7 glasses after the editions of 2003 y 2007).
- Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax (emblem of 4 cups after winning the editions of 1971, 1972, 1973 y 1995).
- Fußball-Club Bayern (emblem of 3 cups after winning the editions of 1974, 1975 y 1976; adding 3 more to carry a 6-cup emblem after the editions of 2001, 2013 y 2020).
Later two other clubs obtained the right to wear the emblem:
- Liverpool Football Club (emblem of 5 cups after winning the editions of 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984 y 2005; being added later 1 more to carry an emblem of 6 glasses after the edition of 2019).
- Fútbol Club Barcelona (emblem of 5 cups after winning the editions of 1992, 2006, 2009, 2011 y 2015).
Also and since the beginning of the 2012-13 season, the champion carries during the following season a champion emblem similar to that of multiple champion with the silhouette of the trophy and the year that indicates him as the current champion, being able to wear it until he is proclaimed winner. a new team. Since then the Chelsea Football Club, first bearer of the new emblem, Fußball-Club Bayern, Real Madrid Football Club, on four occasions, Fútbol Club Barcelona y Liverpool Football Club they have carried it.
The competition has his own hymn written in the three main languages of the competition, English, German and French since 1992. The chorus is played before the start of each Champions League match. Likewise, the television channels that broadcast Champions League matches are obliged to broadcast a reduced version of it before and after the match.
Ce sont les meilleures équipes
It is sind die allerbesten Mannschaften
The main event
The great teams
A big meeting
Eine grosse sportliche Veranstaltung
The main event
Ils sont les meilleures
Sie sind die Besten
These are the champions
The great teams
The great teams
The champions ”Lyrics of the UEFA Champions League anthem.
Closed continental competition proposal
ECA European League
Both from the original G-14 as from the current Association of European Clubs (ECA), a private body formed by the major European clubs to ensure common interests, its most representative members advocated creating a closed European League at the continental level, to replace the current Champions League, similar to the Euroleague, a competition sponsored by the main European basketball clubs in 2000. Since their idea was born in the early 2000s - taking up a 1998 proposal from Media Partners to UEFA - they have sought greater economic retribution in addition to projecting a competition that would attract a greater number of income and sponsors more consonant with the current development of football that would also grow in sports, as stated by its president Karl-Heinz Rummenigge:
“We should not exclude that in the future a European championship may be created with the great clubs of Italy, Germany, Spain, England and France; either through UEFA or in a private organization that would host about twenty teams. The best clubs are getting stronger compared to the others in the big championships and another championship is already being born beyond the Champions League ”.Karl-Heinz Rummenigge. November 21, 2016. Milan
The statements, produced following the advice on the Fair-play UEFA financial institution, whose regulations they consider to be restrictive in their interests by coercing their investments for the benefit of a supposed sporting equity with other clubs with less repercussions, were one of the first public demonstrations in favor of the change. Although it is true that the aforementioned measure, as well as others subject to the same controversy such as the distribution of income - especially the marketpool- They are for the benefit of a common good for all teams, it is true that the potential of great teams is reduced compared to other sports with less impact worldwide and that receive greater benefits:
“The Champions League is worth 1.500 billion euros in television rights compared to almost 7.000 billion in the NFL. Market research shows that of the 2.000 billion sports fans in the world, 1.600 are football fans and only 150 million are football fans. It is necessary to reflect on the unexplored potential in the current formats of competition in soccer ”.Andrea Agnelli, President of the Juventus FC. November 21, 2016. Milan
Although the economic aspect is only one of the reasons given by the body for the creation of the popularly known as Super League, its birth finds its biggest detractors in the minor teams and in the federations and levels of the respective national leagues, claiming power be substantially reduced in income and sponsors that put their livelihoods at risk. Despite this, the ECA repeatedly stated that it is a path in which they are working, and that it can see the light in the year 2021. Not in vain, since the 2004-05 UEFA Champions League All the finalists of the competition were members of the ECA and are among the twenty clubs that are cited as applicants to create the Super League, a circumstance on which they also base their decision, reaffirming their difference with respect to the rest of the clubs.
After studying the case by UEFA and ECA in the summer of 2016, there was a restructuring of the Champions League for a triennium of editions from the season 2018-19, valid until 2021. In that period, the four best classified of the considered four best leagues in Europe will have a guaranteed place in the tournament, a measure to delay and / or avoid their split or that will precede a new restructuring within the margin UEFA. Putting the renewed as a mirror Euroleague basketball, or the Premier League from England, talks were resumed in favor of finding a solution for both parties.
Despite the discrepancies, it is advocated that UEFA accept the competition within its framework, although it is not necessary to create it. The same case happened at the beginning of the Champions League, initially promoted by the newspaper The Team. Some of the changes that occurred or in process to reduce the impact were to reduce the different national leagues to a maximum of 18 teams, that every federation is represented in the organization. Economically, the increasingly globalized markets open possibilities to other options , as it is financed or contested by territories such as America o Asia, add clubs from around the world, or even merge Champions League and Europa League, As remote alternatives. In any case, they refer to an almost inevitable step that football must take in the coming years. Despite everything, in spring 2017 the ECA announced after a meeting with the UEFA competitions executive that the New reforms and restructurings effective in 2018 will meet their requests to the extent, reaching an agreement to support, at least for the time being, the Champions League. Another of the measures approved after their study was the time change, from 2018 to being a 18:55 p.m. and 21:00 p.m. instead of the usual 20:45 p.m. to favor television contracts from other continents.
A new meeting between the estates was able to outline some issues to be implemented as of the 2024-25 edition. In favor of increasing income and giving more duration to the tournament that benefits those involved, the possibility of increasing the number of encounters by four was studied to play until 17, including the final The options contemplated were to replace the current round of the last XNUMX with a second group league that was already in force in the competition; or restructure the current group stage of eight factions with four teams each in which the first two qualify, to one of six groups with six teams each in which the first two qualify and the four best third parties. has not been confirmed by UEFA is still under study to see in particular what impact an increase in the number of matches that could affect other local competitions would have on the calendars.
European Super League
Although at first the European Super League and the ECA European League began as indistinct projects, the background was the same, the creation of a European competition that brought together the best teams on the continent, distancing themselves from the Champions League. The first meetings to establish a Super League took place in 1998, when the Media Partners group proposed it to UEFA as opposed to the Champions League. The case, studied at the Geneva congress of the estate with the various representatives of the national leagues, was finally rejected, despite their initial agreement to begin in 1999, and the points and negotiations discussed were unknown. Despite this, it was the result of various restructuring in the expansion of equipment and that also affected the UEFA Cup and the disappearance of the European Cup Winners' Cup. It seemed like a prelude to the ECA's proposals from the year 2000 to completely restructure the tournament. The evolution of changes in the editions regarding the demands of the clubs exchanged opinions on the matter between detractors and supporters, under the nickname of the European League.
Although the ECA had in principle more established the project, even having several meetings with UEFA, the idea was born from those considered to be the most influential clubs on the continent - extrapolated as founding members of the ECA-. The evolution of the body itself had a direct impact on the creation of the European League since by joining more clubs as associates, the concerns of each other created a conflict of interest. It is for this reason that the most influential or founding clubs began to distance themselves from the ECA project to resume it on their own.At the same time, the restructuring that UEFA was adopting in the Champions League in favor of some demands of the big clubs paralyzed in measure the creation of the new competition.
Although the news about this was reduced after the agreements reached between clubs and UEFA until 2021, the idea remained present among the clubs in favor of a deep restructuring. This time it was Stephen Ross - organizer of the International Champions Cup, a summer tournament that brings together some of the best clubs in the world during its preseason period—, who contacted some of these teams to probe their opinions regarding the creation of a parallel competition to the Champions League. recent resolution of the European Commission In favor of some Dutch athletes who denounced their competent international federation, which prevented them from competing in competitions outside their jurisdiction, it reflected in the clubs a new path after the discontent of UEFA and its possible reprisals if they decided to create it and abandon its protection. At the moment, the decision of the European Union served the clubs as a means of pressure to enforce their demands against UEFA, some of them concerning the Fair-play Financial, to Market Pool or the participation of players with another club despite having already played an edition with a first.
After a time with hardly any news of interest about the future competition, on October 27, 2020 the then president of Fútbol Club Barcelona during the speech of his resignation from the club announced that it could be created by the leaders of the big clubs. In this regard, he stated:
“I can announce that yesterday we approved the requirements to be part of a European Super League. The decision to play the competition must be ratified by the next Assembly. […] The European Club Super League will guarantee that the club continues to belong to the members. "Josep María Bartomeu. October 27, 2020. Barcelona.
As a result of the statements, other details came to light, such as its composition, which would be formed in principle by a maximum of 18 clubs which would face under a league format of all against all to roundtrip to dispute later a play-off final in the same venue to elucidate the champion (same as the Euroleague of basketball, and also with a closed format under adhesion). Its start would be scheduled for the 2022-23 season, at the expense of solving important issues for which there is nothing confirmed. Neither FIFA nor UEFA, responsible for example for the arbitration assignments that give validity to the matches and therefore to the competitions, not only have not given their approval but are contrary to it. FIFA, aware of all movements through the Club World Association (WFCA) —homonymous of the ECA worldwide—, is in the creation of the Club Super World Cup that it would collide with the European competition; and UEFA would see seriously harmed the interests of the current Champions League. Similarly, the national associations of each territory are also reluctant. play-off For the title, the eight best teams would be classified after the conclusion of the regular league by the affiliates, who would continue to compete equally in their respective national championships, but it remains to be seen how it affects the current UEFA competitions. This means that since the first rumors about the competition emerged, the clubs have always been trying to reach a consensus with UEFA, ACE and FIFA. It should be noted that UEFA is also carrying out negotiations to improve the current Champions League, where slight changes and decisions for the future have already been seen in recent editions, so that both competitions could clash in interests.
These "big clubs" are also supporters of the new Club World Cup proposed by FIFA, called Club Super World Cup, whose first edition will be held in 2022. Although the new competition that could be called European Premier has received an affirmative response from the Barcelona club, the true involvement of the rest of the clubs is unknown. For example, the Real Madrid Football Club , who after this new news said he was aware of the project, but that there is still nothing concrete and therefore nothing to say about yet. The tournament would be financed by the US bank JP Morgan Chase & Co. with a credit of 5000 million euroThe revelation, however, could have been counterproductive for the interests of those involved due to the complexity and delicacy of the matter. It did give rise to new speculations when, just two months later, its president in the assembly of delegates of the Madrid club Florentino Pérez He stated that a change in current football was necessary, although he did not mention the competition, and that various media pointed to the Super League as a step:
“Football needs a change and Real Madrid will be there to promote it. Football has to face this new time. Real Madrid will be there, as it has always been throughout history. Always looking, as the president of FIFA, Gianni Infantino himself says, what should be a priority for football, which are the interests of the fans. Football reform cannot wait and we must tackle it as soon as possible. The great European clubs have billions of followers spread all over the world. We have a responsibility to fight for this change; a change that we must face on the basis of solidarity. "Florentino Pérez. December 20, 2020. Madrid.
In reference to the latest news published in this regard, FIFA issued a statement in which it stated that if it were carried out, neither the establishment itself, nor the rest of the continental confederations, if it were carried out in more territories, would not be recognized. depriving them even of participating in the rest of the current competitions:
“In view of the recent media speculation about the creation of a closed European 'Super League' by some European clubs, FIFA and the six confederations (AFC, CAF, CONCACAF, CONMEBOL, OFC and UEFA) wish to reiterate once again and firmly emphasize that such a competition would not be recognized by either FIFA or the corresponding confederation. As a consequence, any club or player involved in such a competition would not be allowed to participate in any competition organized by FIFA or its respective confederation.
According to the statutes of FIFA and the confederations, all competitions must be organized or recognized by the competent body at their corresponding level; that is, by FIFA at the world level and by the confederations at the continental level. In this regard, the confederations recognize the FIFA Club World Cup, in its current and new format, as the only world club competition, while FIFA recognizes the club competitions organized by the confederations as the only competitions. continental clubs.
The universal principles of sporting merit, solidarity, promotion and relegation, and subsidiarity are the base of the football pyramid that guarantees the global success of football and are therefore enshrined in the statutes of FIFA and the confederations. Soccer has a long and successful history thanks to these principles. Participation in world and continental competitions must always be won on the field of play. "Gianni Infantino and the six continental presidents. January 21, 2021. Zurich.
French newspaper information Le Parisien indicated that a total of fifteen clubs could be the main creators of the tournament, and that they could alleviate the negative economic effects of the pandemic on European football. Six english, Manchester United Football Club, Liverpool Football Club, Arsenal Football Club, Chelsea Football Club, Tottenham Hotspur Football Club y Manchester City Football Club, three Spaniards, Real Madrid Football Club, Fútbol Club Barcelona y Club Atlético de Madrid, three Italians, Juventus Football Club, Internazionale Football Club y Association Calcio Milan, two Germans, Fußball-Club Bayern y Ballspielverein Borussia, and one French, the Paris Saint-Germain Football ClubFive invited clubs would join them to form a twenty-team championship, where after a regular league —or regular league—, a system of play-off for the title. Regarding the economic figures, the Parisian media points out that the top six classified in the tournament could receive around 350 million euros, as opposed to the 70-80 that the UEFA Champions League champion currently receives. The speculation of the arrival of new investors and sponsors, as well as the new audiovisual and broadcasting rights, would accumulate a purse of four billion to be distributed - higher than the figure accumulated by the UEFA for its three main club competitions -, it would be the main safe-conduct to the large economic losses due to the COVID-19 pandemic, quantified at around six thousand and eight billion, according to Andrea Agnelli, President of the Association of European Clubs and Juventus Football ClubThe main supporter, the financial JP Morgan Chase, Foresees that this economic injection will end up creating an economic flow between all the clubs, through these initial twenty, despite the continuous criticism received, and with UEFA pending to redesign a Champions League that not only is not capable of to get more benefits, but reduces them.
- For a better detail of the finals see UEFA Champions League finalists
|UEFA European Champions Club Cup|
|1955-56||real Madrid FC||4-3||Stadium Reims|
|1956-57||real Madrid FC||2-0||AC Fiorentina||First champion team in their own stadium. First defense of the title.
|1957-58||real Madrid FC||3-2 (for.)||AC Milan||First final defined in overtime.
|1958-59||real Madrid FC||2-0||Stadium Reims||Repeated first final. Fastest goal in a final.
|1959-60||real Madrid FC||7-3||Eintracht Frankfurt||Record of consecutive championships. Final with the most goals.
|1960-61||SL Benfica||3-2||CF Barcelona||Champion without foreigners.
|1961-62||SL Benfica||5-3||real Madrid FC||First final between two champions. Champion without foreigners.
|1962-63||Milan AC||2-1||SL Benfica||First final without Spanish teams.
|1963-64||FC Internazionale||3-1||real Madrid FC||Undefeated Rookie Champion.
|1964-65||FC Internazionale||1-0||SL Benfica|
|1965-66||real Madrid FC||2-1||FK Partizan||Achieved title deed and champion without foreigners.
|1966-67||Celtic FC||2-1||FC Internazionale||Rookie champion and no foreigners.
|1967-68||Manchester United FC||4-1 (for.)||SL Benfica||The criterion of scoring away from home was introduced for the first time; for 1st round.
|1968-69||Milan AC||4-1||AFC Ajax||Substitutions during the match, fixed dates for matches and away goal in crosses
|1969-70||SC Feijenoord||2-1 (for.)||Celtic FC|
|1970-71||AFC Ajax||2-0||Panathinaikós AO||First absence of Real Madrid; top winner after 15 appearances in a row.
|1971-72||AFC Ajax||2-0||FC Internazionale|
|1972-73||AFC Ajax||1-0||Juventus FC||Property title achieved.
|1973-74||FC Bayern||1 - 1, 4 - 0 (un.)||Atletico Madrid||First and only final decided in a tiebreaker match.
|1974-75||FC Bayern||2-0||Leeds United FC|
|1975-76||FC Bayern||1-0||AS Saint-Étienne||Property title achieved.
|1976-77||Liverpool FC||3-1||Borussia Mönchengladbach|
|1977-78||Liverpool FC||1-0||Club Brugge KV|
|1978-79||Nottingham Forest FC||1-0||Malmö FF||Debut champion, undefeated and without foreigners.
|1979-80||Nottingham Forest FC||1-0||Hamburger SV||Champion without foreigners.
|1980-81||Liverpool FC||1-0||real Madrid FC||Undefeated champion and no foreigners.
|1981-82||Aston Villa FC||1-0||FC Bayern||Record of consecutive championships of the same country. Debut Champion.
|1982-83||Hamburger SV||1-0||Juventus FC|
|1983-84||Liverpool FC||1-1 4 - 2 pen.)||AS Roma||1st final decided by penalties. Undefeated champion. Loser in own stadium.
|1984-85||Juventus FC||1-0||Liverpool FC||Heysel tragedy. Sanction to English teams
|1985-86||FC Steaua Bucureşti||0-0 2 - 0 pen.)||FC Barcelona||1st champion of Eastern Europe. 1st final without goals in 120 minutes. Champion without foreigners.
|1986-87||FC Porto||2-1||FC Bayern|
|1987-88||PSV Eindhoven||0-0 6 - 5 pen.)||SL Benfica||Champion with fewer wins.
|1988-89||Milan AC||4-0||FC Steaua Bucureşti||Undefeated champion.
|1989-90||Milan AC||1-0||SL Benfica|
|1990-91||FK Red Star||0-0 5 - 3 pen.)||Olympique de Marseille||Undefeated champion.
|1991-92||FC Barcelona||1-0 (for.)||UC Sampdoria||English teams sanction lifted
|UEFA Champions League|
|1992-93||Olympique de Marseille||1-0||Milan AC||Restructuring of the competition. Undefeated champion.
|1993-94||Milan AC||4-0||FC Barcelona||Property title achieved. Bulkier result under new format.
|1994-95||AFC Ajax||1-0||Milan AC||Differentiation between preliminary phase and final phase. First phase is played in 4 groups.
|1995-96||Juventus FC||1-1 4 - 2 pen.)||AFC Ajax||First final decided on penalties under new format.
|1996-97||BV Borussia||3-1||Juventus FC|
|1997-98||real Madrid FC||1-0||Juventus FC||League runners-up can participate. 1st team to lose finals in a row.
|1998-99||Manchester United FC||2-1||FC Bayern||It goes from 16 to 24 teams in 6 groups. Undefeated champion.
|1999-00||real Madrid FC||3-0||Valencia CF||1st final between clubs from the same country and 1st between Spanish. 1st application of the UEFA coefficient.
|2000-01||FC Bayern||1-1 5 - 4 pen.)||Valencia CF|
|2001-02||real Madrid FC||2-1||Bayer Leverkusen|
|2002-03||Milan AC||0-0 3 - 2 pen.)||Juventus FC||1st final without goals in the 120 minutes under the new format. 1st final between Italian teams.
|2003-04||FC Porto||3-0||AS Monaco FC||Elimination of the second group stage for the round of XNUMX.
|2004-05||Liverpool FC||3-3 3 - 2 pen.)||AC Milan||Final with more goals and faster goal in new format. Property title. Multiple Champion Emblem.
|2005-06||FC Barcelona||2-1||Arsenal FC||Undefeated champion; first sent off in a final.
|2006-07||AC Milan||2-1||Liverpool FC||First final repeated under the new format.
|2007-08||Manchester United FC||1-1 6 - 5 pen.)||Chelsea fc||Undefeated champion. First final between English teams.
|2008-09||FC Barcelona||2-0||Manchester United FC|
|2009-10||FC Internazionale||2-0||FC Bayern|
|2010-11||FC Barcelona||3-1||Manchester United FC|
|2011-12||Chelsea fc||1-1 4 - 3 pen.)||FC Bayern||Loser in own stadium.
|2012-13||FC Bayern||2-1||BV Borussia||First final between German teams.
|2013-14||real Madrid FC||4-1 (for.)||Atletico Madrid||First final between teams from the same city.
|2014-15||FC Barcelona||3-1||Juventus FC||Achieved Multiple Champion Emblem.
|2015-16||real Madrid FC||1-1 5 - 3 pen.)||Atletico Madrid||First final repeated between teams from the same country and the same city.
|2016-17||real Madrid FC||4-1||Juventus FC||1st defense of the title under new format. Final loss record.
|2017-18||real Madrid FC||3-1||Liverpool FC||First time a team wins 3 editions in a row under the new format.
|2018-19||Liverpool FC||2-0||Tottenham Hotspur FC||First edition with use of VAR.
|2019-20||FC Bayern||1-0||Paris Saint-Germain FC||Undefeated champion with full of victories. Eliminatory format shortened and restricted to the public during their dispute.
Final report: pen. = Penalties; des. = Tiebreaker match; pro. = Extension.
Only 22 clubs among the 524 historical participants in the competition have managed to proclaim themselves winners, while 19 more for a total of 41 complete the list of clubs with a presence in a final. Among them, Spanish clubs dominate with twenty-nine occasions, and they are also the ones that have achieved the most titles with eighteen. England is the one who contributes the most different champion clubs with five.
|Team||Securities||Subcamp.||Championship years||Runner-up years|
|real Madrid FC||13||3|
|Manchester United FC||3||2|
|Nottingham Forest FC||2||-|
|FC Steaua București||1||1|
|Olympique de Marseille||1||1|
|Aston Villa FC||1||-|
|FK Red Star||1||-|
|Leeds United FC||-||1|
|Club Brugge KV||-||1|
|AS Monaco FC||-||1|
|Tottenham Hotspur FC||-||1|
|Paris Saint-Germain FC||-||1|
Updated data: Final season 2019-20.
Titles by country
Ten federations have European champion clubs.
Updated data: final season 2019-20
- For a complete statistical summary of the competition see UEFA Champions League statistics
The 607 points achieved by Real Madrid Club de Fútbol place it as the leader in the competition's historical ranking among the 526 teams that have ever participated in it. 112 points below is the second classified, the German Fußball-Club Bayern, who in turn is 36 points above the third, the Fútbol Club Barcelona.
|Pos||Club||temp||Points||PJ||PG||PE||PP||Pts. X3||Securities||% Qualification||% share|
|1||real Madrid FC||51||607||445||265||77||103||872||13||20||26|
|4||Manchester United FC||29||380||285||157||66||62||537||3||4.62||10.71|
Updated to the last game played by any of those involved on December 9 2020.
Historic scorers table
- For a complete detail see Top scorers in the UEFA Champions League.
The top scorer of the tournament is the Portuguese Cristiano Ronaldo with 135 goals, followed by the Argentine Lionel Messi with 120 goals and the Polish Robert Lewandowski with 73 goals, beating the Spanish Raul Gonzalez with 71 goals, also being the only players to surpass the barrier of seventy goals in the history of the competition.
It should also be noted among the top scorers to German Gerd Muller for being the player with the best scoring average in the competition with 0.97 goals per game, ahead of Ferenc puskás y Alfredo Di Stefano with an average of 0.85 and 0.84 respectively, adding 9 top scorer distinctions between them, four for the German, three for the Spanish-Argentine and two for the Spanish-Hungarian.
Divided by rounds, the top scorer in previous qualifying rounds is Andriy Shevchenko with 11 goals. In the group stage it is Messi with 71 goals, in the final knockout stages - from the round of 67 - Cristiano Ronaldo adds 42 goals, from the quarterfinals, Cristiano Ronaldo accumulates 18, while from In the semifinals it is Di Stéfano with 17 who leads the record, ahead of the 14 of Cristiano Ronaldo and the XNUMX of Ferenc Puskás. In the finals, Di Stéfano and Puskás dominate with seven each.
The previous records count the previous qualifying phases. As for matches in the final phase of the tournament, the aforementioned Cristiano Ronaldo is the one who accumulates the most goals, with 134, followed by 120 and 71 by Lionel Messi and Raúl González.
Final report: Accounted for the matches and goals in previous rounds. On bold font active players in the current edition and current club.
Players with the highest number of matches played
- For a complete detail see Players with the most appearances in the UEFA Champions League.
The Spanish Iker Casillas He is the player who has played the most matches in the competition with 181, followed by 180 for the Portuguese Cristiano Ronaldo and 157 for Spanish Xavi Hernandez. Behind them is the former Welsh footballer Ryan Giggs —Who led the record until he was surpassed in the 2014-15 edition-, and the Argentine Lionel Messi with 149 encounters.
The previous records count the previous qualifying phases. Regarding the matches in the final phase of the tournament, it is again Casillas with 177 who accumulates the most appearances, also ahead of Ronaldo and his 176 games, the 151 for Xavi, the 149 for Messi and the 142 for Raúl.
Final report: Accounted for the matches and goals in previous rounds. On bold font active players in the present edition.
Economy and Finance
The competition is highly profitable for clubs that reach the group stage. The UEFA distributes part of the money obtained by television contracts between these clubs. In the season 2013-14 UEFA distributed 904 million euros among the 32 participants, from 12,2 million euros fixed as a minimum amount to 57,4 million for the Real Madrid Football Club, winner of the competition. In addition, the clubs earn more money with the sale of tickets, merchandising, etc.
Due to the new UEFA regulations on the fair play financial nine clubs are being investigated individually, despite which, the figures distributed are included in the distributions in the absence of resolution of each case. The UEFA measure aims to clean up and establish financial rules for all clubs to improve financial health of European clubs. The regulation directly affects the clubs at the time of signing of possible transfers, payments, and financial agreements under some points common to all.
As a fixed amount, each club received 8,6 million euro thanks to their participation, reaching an amount for each club of at least 15,4 million by adding the market variables, thus each club received approximately 1,7 million euros per game played in the group stage. For a victory, a million more was paid and for each draw 500.000 euro. He Real Madrid Football Club and Club Atlético de Madrid were the highest-earning teams in the group stage for their results with 5,5 million euro.
Bonus per round
The 16 teams that qualified for the first knockout round received a bonus of 3,5 million euro each. Another 3,9 million euro went to each of the eight quarter-finalist teams and the four semi-finalists were rewarded with an additional 4,9 million euros. The Real Madrid Football Club received 10,5 million euros while Atlético de Madrid received 6,5 million euros euro for their passes to the final, including 4 million more in the case of the former for their final victory.
Regarding the rest of the incentives, the part that each club received depended on its value in the national market, in addition to the number of teams per federation, the position in the national championships in the previous season and the number of games played in the Champions League 2013/14. Real Madrid Club de Fútbol received the highest amount of the season in the Champions League (57,41 million euro) followed by Paris Saint-Germain Football Club (54,41 million euro without reducing possible penalties due to non-compliance with financial fair-play), and Club Atlético de Madrid (50,04 million euro).
The Champions League is the annual sports competition, with the largest accumulated worldwide audience and its final, is the most watched annual sporting event in the world, with an estimated global audience of 360 million viewers, and coverage in more than 200 countries. Its finale is one of the most watched sporting events of the year, with a estimated 360 million viewers.
- Portal: Soccer in Europe. Content related to Soccer in Europe.
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