Taca da World Cup Tour 14231974005

Soccer World Cup

FIFA World Cup
Taca da World Cup Tour 14231974005

FIFA World Cup Trophy.
General data
Venue By choice
(Associated territories FIFA)
Organized by Flag of FIFA.svg International Federation of Association Football (FIFA)
History
Champion Flag of France.svg France (2)
runner-up Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia
Statistical data
Participants 32 (Final phase)
More titles Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil (5)
Max. goal scorer Flag of Germany.svg Miroslav Klose (16)
More shares Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil (21)
Official site

La World Cup FIFA, Also known as Soccer World Cup, World Cup or simply World, whose original name was Soccer World Championship, is the principal international tournament official football male at the level of national teams in the world.

This sporting event has been held every four years since 1930, with the exception of 1942 and 1946, in which it was suspended respectively due to the development and consequences of the Segunda Guerra Mundial. It has two main stages: a qualifying process in which nearly 200 national teams currently participate and a final phase held every four years at a pre-defined venue in which 32 teams participate (48 as of the 2026 edition). ) for a period of about a month. The official ball is manufactured by the company German sports equipment Adidas.

The final phase of the tournament is the most important single-discipline sporting event in the world (the final of the Soccer World Cup 2002 was seen by more than 1100 billion people), and the second most important overall after the Olympics.

It has been carried out 21 times, in which eight soccer countries -They correspond to world powers and historical candidates- have raised the glass: Brazil it is the most successful team, with five victories; Germany e Italy they follow him with four trophies; Argentina, France y Uruguay they have won it twice, as long as England y Spain have been titled champions once. Tournament features team dominance europeans, who have won the title twelve times, while the South American they have done it in nine. Only two teams from other confederations have reached the semi-finals: United States en 1930 y South Korea en 2002.

Our Story

Background

Jules Rimet in 1920

The President of FIFA, Jules rimet, managed to convince the national federations to create the World Cup.

The first international meeting of this sport dates back to the match played between England y Scotland el November 30th de 1872Soccer at that time was practically unknown outside the British islands, but slowly it began to develop in other parts of the world. Soccer debuted as a demonstration sport in the Paris 1900 Olympic Games, Repeated experience in Saint Louis 1904 and Intercalated Games of 1906 en Athens.

El May 21 de 1904 the International Federation of Football Associations (FIFA for its acronym in French) in order to organize the development of sport. Among his original ideas arose the possibility of performing in 1906 an international tournament in Switzerland, but finally the proposal failed. However, the idea was maintained and was materialized when in London the IV Olympic Games en 1908 and soccer was declared an official Olympic sport. Being in charge of the organization of the Football association (not affiliated with FIFA yet, but with whom he had a close relationship), the first Olympic Tournament he won it United Kingdom, followed by Denmark and Netherlands.

Over the years the olympic soccer tournament remained, but as an event amateur.In 1909 Sir Thomas Lipton organized a professional tournament between clubs representing each country in the city of Turin. This tournament is sometimes referred to as the "first World Cup". 1914 FIFA recognized the Olympic tournament as a "world amateur football championship" and decided to take responsibility for the development of the event. Behind the World War I the first intercontinental tournament was held in the Antwerp Olympic Games 1920, where 13 European teams participated together with the selected one from Egypt.

In Paris 1924 Olympic Games, the first organized by FIFA, the South American teams were integrated. In said event, Uruguay champion was crowned, revalidating his title four years later, in Amsterdam 1928.

The first edition

Stad de centario uruguay1930 montevideo

El Estadio Centenario, located in Montevideo, Uruguay, was built for the realization of the first World Cup en 1930. The stadium was the venue for the final of this tournament, in which the local defeated 4: 2 a Argentina.

During the 1928 Olympics, FIFA organized A congress where it was finally decided to hold a professional soccer tournament of international level in 1930. Immediately several European countries presented their candidacy (Italy, Hungary, Netherlands, Spain y Sweden) next to that of Uruguay. Jules rimet, president of FIFA in those years, was in favor of the realization in the South American country, both because of its sporting successes and because the country would celebrate the centenary of the Jura of the Constitution.

Uruguay 1930

El Uruguayan team world champion in 1930.

Finally, Uruguay was unanimously elected, but that did not imply European support for the tournament outside its continent. The European countries invited to the tournament rejected their participation, arguing that they could not afford the long trip. transatlantic in the middle of the economic crisis that had hit the world in those years. Although Uruguay offered to cover the costs, only France, Belgium, Yugoslavia y Romania they attended the appointment. Behind the boycott, the organizers had to reduce the number of participants in the tournament, from 16 to 13.

Lucien laurent

Lucien laurent, French footballer, author of the first gol in the history of the tournament.

Despite the initial complications, the tournament was a success. For the tournament, the intention of the organizers was for all matches to be played in a single stadium, the Estadio CentenarioBuilt especially for the celebration of the World Cup and as a celebration of the centenary of Uruguayan independence. It was designed by john scassoAnd Rimet called it the “temple of football.” With a capacity of 90, it was the largest stadium in the world outside the British Isles. Rain events that occurred in Montevideo before the opening of the championship prevented its construction from being completed on time. Given this situation, the organizers were forced to look for other stadiums to hold the first matches, the Great Central Park and Pocitos Stadium, scenarios where the first two games in the history of the World Cup were played simultaneously. The Centennial Stadium was officially inaugurated on the sixth day of competition and from that moment all the matches were played there. Finally, the teams of the River Plate advanced to the final, Uruguay y Argentina they faced the 30 July de 1930 in the newly opened Estadio Centenario. After winning the match 4: 2, the hosts were crowned the first soccer world champions in front of 93 people.

The Italian two-time championship

Italy organized the second World Cup en 1934. In response to the boycott carried out by European countries in 1930, Uruguay and other American countries withdrew from the tournament. The World Cup had in a very short time become a great event that received the attention of the whole world, so the leader fascist Benito Mussolini used the tournament for the exaltation of nationalism, seeking to publicize Italian power with a victory in the competition. For this he did not hesitate to ensure the naturalization of several Argentine players, such as Louis Monty, Raymond Orsi, Enrique Guaita y Attilio Demaria, and also of the Brazilian Anfhiloquio Marqués Filo, Italianized as Amphilogino Guarisi. Italy reached the final of the tournament where they faced Czechoslovakia. After a series of arbitration errors, angelo schiavio scored the Italian winning goal during extra time, which crowned Italy as world champion. Several players from that team acknowledged having played the final under threats from the Duce. The naturalized Monti stated:

"In 1930, in Uruguay, they wanted to kill me if I won, and in Italy, four years later, if I lost."

In later years the advent of the Segunda Guerra Mundial it became more and more present. The Soccer World Cup 1938 made in France counted on the defections of Spain, Due to the Civil War, China y Japan, due to the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, while the classified Austria did not participate in the tournament when she was incorporated into Germany after ConnectionAlready in the tournament itself, Germany was repudiated by the public while the players performed the nazi salute. In addition, American teams (except for Brazil y Cuba) again boycotted the tournament, after the venue was awarded to a European country despite the initial commitment to alternate the venue between the two continents.

In the sports field, Italy showed its offensive capacity reaching the final of the tournament after defeating Brazil in Leonidas, one of the figures of the tournament. The Italians faced the powerful Hungary and they defeated it with 4: 2, becoming the first team to reach the double championship. Mussolini, as in 1934, was not about to see his team lose. The Italian coach, Vittorio pozzo, received a telegram before the final match in which only "Win or die" could be read. In addition, he forced his players to wear black shirts for the final, symbol of the italian fascism.

The postwar tournament, the Maracanazo and Miracle of bern

maracana 2014

View of Maracana Stadium en Rio de Janeiro. The stadium hosted the most attended match in the history of the tournament and one of the most remembered: the Maracanazo.

For the tournament 1942, Argentina, Brazil and Nazi Germany presented their candidatures, but after the start of the Segunda Guerra Mundial FIFA decided to suspend all events for as long as the conflict lasted, causing the cancellation of tournament tournaments. 1942 y 1946In that last year, FIFA decided that the World Cup be resumed as soon as possible. As most European countries were devastated by war, none had the capacity to organize the tournament, so Brazil presented its candidacy and was elected by FIFA to carry out the Soccer World Cup 1950.

Uruguay1950

El Uruguayan team world champion in 1950, in the remembered «Maracanazo«.

Several countries withdrew from the tournament, including the India (for pretending to play with barefoot soccer players) and Argentina, the multiple champion of South America during the 1940s by internal decision, reducing the number of participants from 16 to 13. However, the event marked the entry for the first time of the various teams of the United Kingdom to the qualifying processes. A) Yes, England They participated for the first time in the World Cup, however they were quickly eliminated despite their status as favorites. After the first round, Brazil, Spain, Sweden y Uruguay they classified to a final group from where the champion of the tournament would come out. The Brazilian national team defeated the European teams by several thrashes, so their victory seemed assured. In the last match, Brazil faced Uruguay, who had had an irregular performance, with a victory over Sweden and a draw against Spain. Therefore, even if it was not a final, the champion would come out of that last match, in which a draw was enough for Brazil. Everything was ready in the Maracana Stadium for the celebrations of the Brazilian triumph in front of about 175.000 spectators, the local newspapers had already announced the match as that of Brazil's first world victory. However, the Uruguayans managed to defeat the Brazilians and be crowned champions, after coming back from an initial 1: 0, to finish with a 1: 2. The so-called «Maracanazo»Is considered one of the greatest surprises in the history of sport. In the other match, Sweden beat Spain with 3: 1 obtaining third place and leaving the Iberians in fourth position.

DielautrerheldenvonBern

Statue of the five German players of the 1. FC Kaiserslautern who participated for their selection in the «Miracle of bern«. From left to right: Werner Liebrich, Fritz walter, Werner Kohlmeyer, Horst eckel y Ottmar walter.

En 1954, the World Cup returned to Europe when Switzerland, a neutral country during the war, was the seat of the V World Cup. During the development of the tournament there were three of the most memorable matches in the history of the competition. In the quarterfinals, the «Gold team«, Name by which the team of Hungary, he faced the Brazilian team, which after the "Maracanazo" decided to change the white color of his shirt to the current yellow with green trim. The match, which pitted two of the best teams in the tournament, turned into one of the most infamous encounters in history: excessive violence led to it being traditionally known as the «Battle of Bern«, In which both players and coaches participated. In the same round, Austria He defeated Switzerland 7: 5, in the match with the highest number of goals scored in history. The final was played on 4 July de 1954 in the Wankdorfstadion, among the Hungarians, who beat Uruguay in what was the first Uruguayan defeat in the World Cups, and the West Germany, a team that returned to the tournament after the ban established after the German defeat in World War II. Both teams had met in the first round and the Magyars had beaten their rivals 8: 3, making a victory for West Germany seemed impossible. However, despite the fact that 8 minutes after the start of the match the Hungarians would start winning by 0: 2, the Germans achieved victory overcoming it with a 3: 2 defeating the team led by Ferenc puskás, and raised the Jules Rimet trophy for the first time.The encounter known as the «Miracle of bern»Is regarded as one of the events that marked the end of the post-war period for Germany and its rebirth, as well as one of the biggest surprises in the history of the competition. Proof of this is the movie about the party, titled The German miracle.

Pelé and the golden age of Brazil

pele jump 1958

Pele next to the goalkeeper Swedish Kalle svensson in the end of 1958. He Brazilian achieved the world title also in 1962 y 1970.

Sweden was the country destined to carry out the Soccer World Cup 1958. The tournament was the first to be broadcast through the TV, thus beginning the expansion of the tournament to other continents. In the sports field, France would reach third place in the tournament after being defeated in the semifinals by Brazil, and French Just fontaine would become the top scorer (13 goals) to date leading the ranking of top scorers in a single edition of the world cups. The South Americans would meet in the final at local combined, In the Råsunda Stadium de Stockholm. Pele It was the great Brazilian promise, but there were few who knew it. During a series of preparation matches against Italian clubs leading up to the start of the World Cup, Pelé suffered a knee injury. He was close to leaving the Brazilian delegation, but finally went to Sweden, where he could not make his debut until the quarter-final match against Wales. His was the only goal of the match, and in the semifinals against France he scored a total of three. In the final, with a score of 5: 2, Brazil were crowned world champions for the first time in history. Although the Swedes would get an early advantage, the emergence of Vava y Pele, with two goals each, would reverse the situation.

Brazil would shine again in the next tournament, Made in Chile in the middle of 1962. Pelé, already one of the best players of the moment, could not participate due to an injury at the beginning of the event, but the magic of Garrincha would lead the Brazilian team to lift the Cup for the second time by defeating in the final Czechoslovakia, in front of more than 60.000 people installed in the National Stadium de Santiago de Chile. It should be noted that in that tournament, the Colombian Mark Coll scored on the goal of the legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin the 4: 4 draw of his team against Soviet Union with olympic goal, the only one marked in the history of the World Cups. local, after defeating the Italians in the infamous group stage match known as the 'Battle of Santiago«, They managed to reach third place by defeating by a goal the Yugoslav national team.

champion statue

Statue of the english national team champion of 1966: Geoff hurst, Martin Peters y Ray Wilson they lift the captain Bobby moore.

En 1966 the Cup would be held in England, cradle of football. The Brazilian team would be eliminated in the first round after being defeated in violent matches by Hungary y Portugal, the latter reached the semifinals led by Eusébio. Uruguay and Argentina did not go far either, after being eliminated in the quarterfinals after controversial referees. Spain, champion in those moments of the European Cup, was downed in the first qualifying round after losing to Germany and Argentina.

Since its debut in 1950, England He hadn't been able to perform well, so this was his chance to prove his paternity. The locals faced West Germany against a Wembley Stadium packed supporting their selection. After tying in regular time, a extension. At minute 101, Geoff hurst He fired at the German goal and the ball would be cleared by the goalkeeper. The shot would be considered gol by the referee, unleashing a controversy that persists to this day about whether the ball completely crossed the goal line. When there were seconds left until the game ended and the whole German team tried to discount, Bobby moore he caught a ball that connected with Hurst, who fired a long shot, scoring the final 4: 2, unleashing joy in the stands. Minutes later, Moore would receive the Jules Rimet Cup from the hands of the queen Isabel II.

Brazil 1970

Pelé (second from the right, below) and the Brazilian team of 1970 World.

Despite the failure of 1966, the Brazilian squad reached Mexico willing to win the 1970 World. The "verdeamarela" faced defending champions England in the first round. Brazil, which included not only Pelé in its ranks, but other great players such as Jairzinho, Toast, Rivelino y Carlos Alberto, defeated the English by the minimum count in one of the most memorable matches of the tournament.

Brazil advanced undefeated until the finals, where they would face the winner of the match between Italy y West Germany. The Italians had thrashed the local selection, while the Germans qualified after defeating the English in overtime, reissuing the final of the previous tournament. The semifinal match started with an early goal from Roberto Boninsegna. When discounts were played, Karl-Heinz Schnellinger he scored and forced overtime, in which each team scored two more goals. Germany, exhausted after the game against England and with Franz Beckenbauer injured, could not bear the pressure and was defeated by 4: 3. A later installed plate on the Aztec Stadium, commemorates until today the so-called «Party of the Century«, Considered by many as the best in history.

Brazil and Italy faced each other on 21 June de 1970 en Mexico City to define which of the two teams would be awarded forever the Jules Rimet Trophy, a prize that would be awarded to the first team to win the tournament three times. During the first half both teams were equal to one goal, but the Brazilian artillery would explode in the second half, in which the Italians paid for the effort made against Germany, scoring three more goals. Brazil defeated Italy 4: 1, crowning themselves as three-time champions with one of the most valued squads in football history. In the match for third place, West Germany defeats Uruguay 1: 0.

Media event worldwide

Bundesarchiv Bild 183-N0716-0314 Fusball-WM BRD - Niederlande 2-1

Johann cruyff is hunted by defenders German Bert Vogts y Uli Hoeneß, during the end of the Soccer World Cup 1974. Cruyff was vital to the campaign of the Netherlands in 1974, but failed to win the final match.

During the decade of the 60 years the first satellite systems. In Mexico 1970, and thanks to the system of Telstar, color images of the event were transmitted for the first time to the rest of the planet. Due to this, the event began to quickly become popular in the rest of the world. Proof of this is the number of countries registered for the qualifying process: in 1962 56 countries were registered and in 1970 there were 75. When the World Cup returned to Europe for the 1974 World Cup organized by West Germany there were 99 participants, mainly from the newly independent African nations.

Quickly the event began to become one of the main sporting events, reaching the popularity of the very Olympics. The World Cup began to turn into a profitable business, which would start with the first mascot of the tournament: the lion «Willie», who represented the World Cup held by England. The sports company Adidas would become the official sponsor of the event since 1970 and would be the official supplier of the balls, notably modernizing the traditional sport.

After being defeated in the 1966 final and 1970 semi-finals, the selected german commanded by Franz Beckenbauer he was confident that they would finally manage to lift the Cup in their own country. Despite starting the tournament 1974 with a loss to their rivals from the East Germany, the Germans reached the final of the tournament, held in the Olympic Stadium de Munich. His rival in the final was the selection of the Netherlands, called the "Clockwork Orange" because of the orange color of the jacket and its ability to create highly offensive technical football and beat its rivals. In the second phase, two four-team leagues were played. Germany prevailed in their group, beating the surprising Poland, and the Netherlands came first, ahead of Brazil and Argentina. Poland beat Brazil in the fight for third place, thus achieving their best result to date.

In the final, the Total soccer de Johan Cruyff It seemed to outpace the locals' discipline when they took the lead with the game just started. Cruyff forced a penalty and Johan neeskens converted it, when Germany had not yet been able to even touch the ball. But the brand of the latter to the Dutch star and the goals of Paul breitner y Gerd Muller finally they would give the victory by 2: 1 to Germany, which would be the first team to lift the new trophy of the tournament. The hegemony of European football was discussed between Cruyff and the German leader, Franz Beckenbauer, winners of the last Gold Balls. In reference to this, the German declared: "Cruyff was a better player than me, but I won the World Cup."

After more than 48 years of waiting, finally Argentina was selected to host the 1978 World Cup. However, the organization of the tournament would be affected by the international rejection of the military dictatorship that had settled in the country in 1976 and the human rights violations committed during that period. Despite initial protests, no country withdrew from the competition, but the Dutch suffered Cruyff's defection for these reasons. This would not weigh on the performance of "A Clockwork Orange", which would again be a finalist after beating Italy and Germany in the group stage of the second round. His rival would be the Argentine team, who would qualify after defeating 6: 0 in a controversial match to Peru. In the final, played in the Monumental Stadium de Buenos Aires, Mario Kempes It would be the figure of the South American victory by 3: 1.

Sandro Pertini Spain 1982

The World Cup travels alongside the President of Italy after his country won the 1982 tournament.

Due to the success of the tournament, the number of participating teams increased from 16 to 24 since the 1982 World Cup disputed in Spain, in order to give more opportunities to participate to teams of North America, Africa, Asia y Oceania. Unlike the previous World Cup in which only 3 countries from these continents participated in total, in Spain twice participated. Despite this, the new participants did not achieve success as none of them qualified for the second round, although the participations of Cameroon, who was eliminated on goal difference by equalizing on points with Italy, and Algeria. The elimination of the latter country generated a strong controversy after Germany defeated Austria 1: 0, a figure necessary for both German-speaking countries to qualify to the detriment of the North Africans.

Brazil, which had players like Zico, Falcão y Socrates, was the sensation of the first round by winning all three games with ease, while France was emerging as one of the favorites with his star, Michel Platini. However, these two teams would be eliminated respectively by the eventual finalists of the tournament: Italy y West Germany. Italy would qualify for the semifinals after the three goals of Paolo Rossi give them victory over the South Americans during the second round. Meanwhile, the dramatic semi-final between the French and the Germans would be defined after the first round of penalties made in a World Cup. After the Germans rallied 3: 1 in overtime, they would reach the final by winning by 5: 4 from eleven steps. In the final, the Italics prevailed easily reaching the three-time championship; Rossi, the figure of the champion team, would keep the two awards created that year: the Golden Boot the top scorer of the tournament and the Golden Ball, delivered to the best player.

SpainAs host, she had a modest participation: in the first round after beating Yugoslavia and drawing with Honduras. However, the weak first phase cost him his inclusion in the group of Germany and England in the second phase. The elimination of Spain meant the removal of the coach Jose Santamaria.

Maradona and the new Germany

Maradona 1986 vs Italy

Diego Armando Maradona was the great figure of 1986 World and is considered one of the best footballers in history.

Colombia had been chosen to be the headquarters of the XIII World Cup to be done in 1986However, the organizing country withdrew after being unable to comply with the strong demands imposed by Herman Neuberger, Vice President of FIFA. Faced with the Colombian resignation, the international organization decided that Mexico to host the tournament again, due to the fact that it largely maintained the infrastructure left by the tournament 1970.

The first round of the tournament was carried out normally, highlighting Morocco as the first African team to advance to the second round. In the second round, however, the favorite teams began to stand out: France, who had defeated the defending champions in the round of XNUMX, faced in a dramatic match Brazil, which ended with the Gallic victory in the penalty round. However, Platini's dreams would again be cut short in the semifinals by West Germany.

In the other key of the tournament, Argentina advanced unstoppably, largely due to the talent of Diego Armando Maradona. In the quarterfinals the albiceleste team had to confront England, one of its more traditional rivals, especially after the outbreak of the Malvinas War four years before. The confrontation stood out for two of the most remembered goals in the history of this sport: in the 51st minute Maradona scored a goal with his hand (known as the hand of God) and in 54 Maradona himself traveled 62 meters in 10 seconds, surpassing 6 Englishmen, before scoring the so-called Goal of the Century, considered the best goal in the history of football.

The final would be disputed between Germans and Argentines in the Aztec Stadium before more than 110.000 viewers. With less than fifteen minutes to go to the end of the game, the South Americans led by 2: 0, but the leaders of Franz Beckenbauer they managed to even the score by adding drama. However a goal from Jorge Burruchaga in the 84th minute he would define the Argentine victory. Maradona, chosen as the best player of the tournament, would be in charge of lifting his country's second world title.

Germany's revenge would take place four years later, when it was Italy the headquarters of the 1990 World Cup. In this tournament, Cameroon became one of the surprises when they defeated the Argentine squad in the opening match and finally advanced to the quarterfinals, being eliminated by England in extra time. Despite this, this World Cup has been considered one of the lowest quality, due to extremely defensive football, which was reflected in the low number of goals (the lowest in history) and the large number of games defined on penalties, including the two semifinals. The tournament would end with a mediocre final between Germans and Argentines, characterized by arbitration errors and the expulsion of two players from the “Albiceleste.” A solitary penalty goal by Andreas Brehme five minutes before the final whistle would give the Cup for the third time to the West German squad, a few months before the process of reunification from that country.

Brazil returns to success

WorldCup1994BulgariaGermany

Lothar Matthaus from the first reunified German national team scores a penalty against Bulgaria in the quarterfinals of the Soccer World Cup 1994.

In order to promote football in United States, the main world power after the end of the Cold War, FIFA decided that the 1994 World Cup was contested in that country, generating widespread criticism due to the holding of the tournament in a place where football was practically unknown and where there was not even a professional league. This did not prevent the World Cup from being a success, reaching nearly 3,6 million viewers, an unbeaten record to this day.

The tournament was tainted with murder, once the participation of the Colombia team, of your defense Andrés Escobar after he accidentally committed a own goal. It also spelled the end of Maradona's brilliant international career, after he tested positive for doping. In the sports field, Romario was the architect of Brazil's impeccable campaign until the final of the tournament, in which he faced Italy that he had come to these instances despite having disputed suffered encounters. The two three-time champions met in the Rose Bowl, but none were able to convert during regulation time. The championship would be defined for the first time in a penalty shootout. After Roberto Baggio failed his shot, Brazil won their four-time championship when they had been without lifting the cup for 24 years.

The new Brazilian generation began to reign again and was the great favorite to reach the five-time championship in France 1998, the first tournament that had 32 participating teams. Despite Romário's absence, Brazil had players like Ronaldo y Rivaldo that led the Brazilians to their second consecutive final. In this meeting he faced the local selection, who had reached that stage just after defeating in the semifinals the surprising selection of Croatia, who in his first participation in a World Cup had reached third place. Although the Gauls had had an uneven campaign during the second round, in the decisive encounter they were superior and the good game of Brazil practically vanished. Zinedine Zidane He became the star of the match by scoring two of the three goals for "Les Bleus", which would give the first title to his country.

Globalization and expansion to Asia and Africa

Four years later the tournament was played for the first time on land asianWhen South Korea y Japan jointly carried out the 2002 World. The event generated a huge investment in both countries, especially in terms of infrastructure: 18 new stadiums were built in total, at a cost that exceeded 4500 billion euros. dollarsAnd state-of-the-art technology was installed to host the 32 qualified teams out of a total of 199 registered teams, marking a new milestone.

Despite having suffered in the qualifying process, Brazil He again demonstrated his might, winning all his matches during the tournament. Ronaldo, who had been overshadowed in the 1998 final by Zidane, scored eight goals and became the player with the most goals scored since 1970. In the final played in Yokohama, the Brazilians had no problem overcoming Germany. The German goalkeeper Oliver Kahn, who had been one of the main architects of his team's campaign, conceding only one goal in the entire tournament, could not stop two shots from Ronaldo that allowed Brazil to be crowned five-time champions.

The 2002 tournament showed a series of surprising results, notably the first-round eliminations of some of the favorite teams to win the tournament, such as Argentina, Portugal y France, who became the worst defending champion in the history of the event. Other teams achieved remarkable results: South Korea became the first Asian team to reach the semi-finals alongside the surprising TurkeyWhile United States and the debutante Senegal they entered the round of the eight best. However, the arbitration errors marked a black point in the development of the tournament, a fact that was even recognized by the president of FIFA himself, Joseph Blatter.

FIFA World Cup 2006 - Italian celebrations at Colosseum

Thousands of Italian fans celebrate in Rome after winning in 2006 the world championship for the fourth time in its history.

Blatter, who had risen to the FIFA presidency with the promise of bringing the tournament for the first time to Africa, suffered a severe setback when, by a vote of difference, Germany He defeated South Africa in the election of the seat of the 2006 World Cup.

Brazil, which had in its ranks Ronaldinho, was considered the top favorite to lift the trophy, but his performance was widely criticized, even when they classified undefeated to the second round and Ronaldo reached the record for goals scored in the history of the competition. Germany and France, who on the other hand had almost no hope of achieving a good result, began to make progress as the tournament progressed. The first round did not present any big surprises in general and most of the favorites went on to the next phase, except for the Czech Republic which was surpassed by Italy y Ghana in the so-called death group.

Watching South Africa Mexico match at World Cup 2010-06-11 in Soweto 2

Fans in Soweto enjoy the opening match of the XNUMXst African World Cup.

European supremacy began to manifest itself during the second phase. In the quarterfinals, penalties marked the end of the competition for Argentina e England, defeated respectively by Germany and Portugal. France had an unstoppable advance, defeating Brazil in the quarterfinals (breaking the unbeaten run by that team after the 1998 final) and Portugal in the semifinals. Reissuing the remembered semifinal of 1970, Italy and Germany faced each other again in that instance; After staying for much of the game without scoring, the Italians would reach the final by scoring two goals minutes before the end of extra time. The final match between Italy and France, played in the Berlin Olympic Stadium, it developed extremely evenly for both teams, who during the first 45 minutes had scored a goal each. In the extension, a controversial incident caused the expulsion of Zinedine Zidane when hitting the italian Marco materazzi. Without its captain, France faced the definition from eleven steps. David trezeguet he missed a shot, allowing Italy to be crowned World Cup champions for the fourth time. The 2006 tournament was followed by an audience accumulated throughout its development of more than 32 billion viewers in 207 countries.

Following the failure of the selection of an African country for the 2006 Cup, FIFA decided to establish a "continental rotation" system that would allow each event to be organized at least once by each continental confederation in a certain period. Africa would be the first continent chosen and South Africa was widely supported as the headquarters of the Soccer World Cup 2010. Similarly, the 2014 World was assigned to South AmericaBeing Brazil the only applicant.

The 2010 event, organized by South Africa, showed a series of surprising results, where favorites to win the tournament were eliminated in the first phase, such as Italy y France, or they had to suffer until the last game to go to the second phase, as England, Germany y Spain. Most of the African teams had a mediocre performance despite their locality, being South Africa the first World Cup host to fail the first phase. On the other hand, the five members of the Conmebol stood out both in the first round and in the round of XNUMX, qualifying four to the round of the best eight (after Chile was eliminated by Brazil).

This South American domination collapsed in the next round: Argentina, Brazil y Paraguay were eliminated by Germany, the Netherlands and Spain. Uruguay was the only surviving South American team, eliminating Ghana, the last African representative in the competition, in a controversial match. In the last minute of extra time, the forward Luis Suárez he stopped a goal with his hand and that would have given the Ghanaians victory; after the expulsion of Suárez, Asamoah Gyan missed the penalty and Ghana was eliminated in the final penalty shootout.

In the final, play Soccer city de JohannesburgThe Netherlands and Spain faced each other, defeating Uruguay and Germany respectively in the semifinals. After a historic run of poor World Cup results, Spain managed to win its first world trophy after Andres Iniesta will score the only goal of the game a few minutes after the end of overtime.

European hegemony

In 2014, the organization of the FIFA World Cup returned to South American lands to contest its twentieth edition en Brazil. The country had been selected as part of the continental rotation policy and the arrival of the tournament felt fair, considering that Brazil had managed to win the international tournament 5 times since hosting it in 1950. However, the tournament faced serious difficulties in their organization as a result of delays in the construction of the headquarters (many of which would also be used for the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Olympic Games) And the increase in the expenses involved, caused a series of protests in Brazil during 2013. Despite these problems, the tournament managed to run almost without incident.

Germany and Argentina face off in the final of the World Cup 2014 -2014-07-13 11

La Germany soccer team won his fourth title in 2014.

The first round featured several unexpected results, including the elimination of the defending champion. Spain, Portugal, England e Italy. While no Asian country made it to the second round, Africa had for the first time two representatives in that round (Nigeria y Algeria), those who were eliminated in the round of XNUMX. South America showed good results: five of their six qualifiers reached the round of XNUMX. The other four South American countries were successively faced with each other. Brazil, due to its local status and the participation of figures such as Neymar, was one of the favorites to win the tournament, but his performance was opaque. In the second round, he had to reach the penalty round to eliminate Chile and then suffered to defeat Colombia. In the semifinals, the local team's football crisis erupted with a shameful 1: 7 defeat against the Germany national team, in the game that the press baptized as Mineirazo and that featured an annotation of Miroslav Klose, who became the top scorer in World Cup history with 16 goals. From the hand of Lionel Messi, Argentina He showed his character as a favorite and qualified until the final of the tournament. However, Germany, who had had an impeccable campaign thus far, claimed their fourth world trophy at the Maracana Stadium after an even game against Argentina that was defined with a goal from Mario Götze in the extension. Germany managed for the first time that a non-South American team won the trophy in South America.

The problems in the organization of the 2010 and 2014 tournaments and the pressure exerted by other countries with aspirations to organize the tournament led to a change in the rotation system, preventing only the nomination of countries from a host continent for two editions after hosting the event. The change generated a massive number of applications for the 2018 and 2022 editions, which they decided to grant simultaneously. The vote resulted in Russia y Catar as venues for the following tournaments, to the detriment of other candidates considered favorites. The result, which included the election of Qatar, a country that had never qualified for the World Cup or organized another sporting event of that size, drew criticism and many indicated the existence of corruption and vote buying. Subsequent investigations demonstrated the existence of a corruption and fraud network within FIFA that led to the expulsion of Joseph Blatter and other senior leaders of the institution.

France champion of the Football World Cup Russia 2018

France it became world champion for the second time in its history.

Despite the accusations and legal problems, Russia remained the headquarters of the 2018 World Cup, being the first time that the tournament is organized in Eastern Europe as well as the first to be organized on two continents by the location of one of its headquarters in Asia. In the sports part, the big surprise was the elimination of Germany in the group stage, being the first time since 1938 that said selection does not advance beyond the first phase in a world championship; They also represented notoriety, the fact that no African team managed to advance from the first phase and that no South American team managed to advance to the quarterfinals. The other big surprise was the good participation of Croatia, which allowed him to become the thirteenth team to reach a final. Finally France he became champion and won the World Cup again after 20 years. With the second French title, the hegemony of the European teams in the final stages of the World Cup has been maintained since the edition of 2006, where all the champions are from that zone, including the fact that all finals since 2006 have been contested between European teams except for the edition of 2014.

Meanwhile, 2022 World Cup it will be the first time the tournament has been organized in Middle. For him 2026 World an expansion of the tournament was approved, which will present 48 teams. The venue for this event will be joint of Canada, United States and Mexico, after winning a vote leaving aside the candidacy of Morocco.

Features

The Soccer World Cup currently consists of two stages: a qualifying round and a final round, the latter usually considered as the event itself. The number of participants in this final round has varied over the years: 16 participants up to 1978 (with the exception of the world 1930 y 1950 with 13 participants each, and that of 1938 with 15), 24 between 1982 y 1994, 32 from 1998, and will eventually be 48 as of 2026.

Qualifying phase

World Map FIFA.svg

Map with FIFA's affiliated football associations, colored according to their confederation. Unless sanctioned by FIFA, all countries listed can participate in the World Cup qualifying phase.

The qualifying phase has been played since 1934. In it, the national teams that wish to participate in the tournament face each other in a series of matches. To do this, the football associations that run these teams must be full members of both the FIFA as of one of the six continental confederations existing today:

  • A (Asian Football Confederation, Asian Football Confederation)
  • CAF (African Football Confederation, African Football Confederation)
  • Concacaf (Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football, Confederation of Association Football of North, Central America and the Caribbean)
  • Conmebol (South American Football Confederation)
  • OFC (Oceania Football Confederation, Oceania Football Confederation)
  • UEFA (Union of European Football Associations, Union of European Football Associations)

Each of these confederations organize a system for electing their representatives through sporting events. The number of representatives of each confederation is previously defined by FIFA through the delivery of quotas, some of which are full equivalent to a team in the final phase and others are shared, in which a team must define its classification to the final round against a representative of another confederation in a process generally called the repechage, repechage or play-offs.

For example, for the World Cup Rusia 2018, FIFA established the following distribution of qualifying places:

  • UEFA: 13 full quotas
  • CAF: 5 full quotas
  • Conmebol: 4 full quotas, one quota shared with OFC
  • AFC: 4 full spots, one spot shared with Concacaf
  • Concacaf: 3 full spots, one spot shared with AFC
  • OFC: a shared quota with Conmebol

Added to these quotas is the team from the tournament's organizing country, which since the beginning of the tournament (with the exception of 1934) has had that right. The champion teams of the previous tournament must currently participate in the qualifying process, although they had the right to automatic qualification between 1938 y 2002.

Choice of venue

world cup hosts

In light green, countries that have once organized the World Cup; in dark green, those who have done it twice.

The final phase of the tournament is held every four years and involves the teams that successfully raffled the qualifying process and those classified in their own right. This stage of the tournament takes place over a month exclusively in the previously designated organizing country. However, in the Soccer World Cup 2002 the event was held by South Korea y Japan jointly; Although the experience was a success, the complex logistical process required has led FIFA to consider avoiding these types of tournaments in the future.

The organizing country is elected by the FIFA Executive Committee, which meets six years before in Zurich to be able to make the decision. The Executive Committee is made up of various representatives of the different confederations and is chaired by the FIFA president. The Executive Committee carries out a simple vote until a absolute majority of votes to determine the host country of the Cup. In the event of a tie, the president of the organization is in charge of settling the situation. On previous occasions, prior agreements have been reached between the representatives of the candidatures that have prevented the realization of the voting or have generated unanimous votes. Thus, for example at the 35th FIFA Congress held in London during 1966 the representatives of West Germany, Argentina y Spain withdrew their candidacies by accepting the proposal to organize the 1974, 1978 y 1982 respectively, while in 1996 South Korea and Japan agreed to merge their candidacies into one and thus avoid the vote.

FIFA establishes a series of requirements to be able to organize the tournament, especially in terms of infrastructure. In recent years, the requirements establish at least the existence in the country of between 8 to 10 stadiums that exceed 40 spectators. In the event that these requirements are not met, FIFA has the possibility to assign the venue to another country.

The choice of headquarters has historically been influenced by the power of the continental confederations. In the beginning, the tournament was boycotted by both countries europeans Be South American when the seat was not chosen on its continent. To avoid this, after the break produced by the Segunda Guerra Mundial a rotation system was established de facto between Europe and South America, the continents with the longest tradition of hosting the tournament. Subsequently, the South American quota would be expanded to the entire American continent, allowing the inclusion of Mexico and United States. In 1996 FIFA insisted on the choice of a venue in Asia and later I would do it for Africa. In this last election, however, Germany was imposed in the election of the headquarters of the Soccer World Cup 2006Therefore, FIFA instituted a continental rotation policy. Under this premise, the obligatory nature of African candidatures for 2010 and South Americans for 2014. In the case of the election of the latter tournament, Brazil was the only candidate so it was decided to review this policy to avoid this event. Thus, FIFA established in 2007 modify this criterion allowing the application of any country for the world cups of 2018 henceforth, with the exception of those from confederations that have hosted one of the two previous tournaments. So, until the year's edition 2022, European countries will have hosted eleven times, South Americans five times, North Americans three times, Asians twice and Africans in a single edition.

Competition system in the final phase

FIFA World Cup 2006 - BRA vs GHA

The teams concentrate before starting the match between Brazil and Ghana for the round of XNUMX of Alemania 2006.

Throughout the history of the World Cup, various competition systems have been used to determine which team will be crowned the best in the world. However, there is a general pattern of establishing two rounds in the competition, except for 1934 y 1938, editions in which a single format of direct elimination.

For the first round of the tournament the teams are divided into groups of four members, although previously, and due to the withdrawal of some competitors, there have been groups of up to two combined. For this, the organizing committee carries out a previous draw in which the best teams are established as heads of series and it is tried to avoid that teams of the same confederation face each other during the first round, with the exception of the UEFA teams that due to their greater number it is impossible for all of them to be separated.

In each of the groups all the teams face each other in a quadrangular simple. Each team accumulates throughout these matches a score based on its results: 3 points for victory (until 1990 there were only 2), 1 for a draw and 0 for a defeat. The four teams are ordered according to their score in descending order. In the event that there are two or more teams with the same score, there are other tie-breaking criteria, which are currently:

  1. Mayor goal difference.
  2. Greater number of goals scored.
  3. Greater number of points obtained in the matches played between the tied teams.
  4. Greater goal difference in matches played between tied teams.
  5. Greater number of goals scored in the matches played between the tied teams.
  6. Organizing committee draw.

WM06 Portugal-France Penalty

Zinedine Zidane score a penalties in the semifinal between France y Portugal. as Alemania 2006.

The criteria named above allow determining which teams qualify for the second round. When the number of participants is one power of two (8, 16 or 32) the best two teams in the group qualify, but when they are not (eg 24 participants) some of the best third parties may qualify.

In the second round, various qualifying mechanisms have been used for the final round. Most of these correspond to a knockout system with round of XNUMX, quarter-finals, semi-finals, a defining match of third and fourth place, and the final. Some tournaments, however, held a new group chart to determine the finalists (1974, 1978 y 1982); just in the 1950 tournament, the title was determined through a group system between the four semifinalists, however, the result of the various matches made the last match the one that defined the champion, so it can be commonly considered as the final.

Direct elimination matches, unlike first round matches, cannot end with a draw. In the event that the teams that face each other end the regulation time equal in number of goals, a extension of two times of fifteen minutes each (in 1998 and 2002 the system of golden goal). In the event that at the end of this extension, equality is maintained, a round of penalties five-shot, extendable until there is a team that achieves victory.

Results and statistics

Championships

This table shows the main results of the final phase of each Soccer World Cup.

Edition Venue Champion ending
Result
runner-up Third place Result Fourth place . of selections
1930 Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
4:2 Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of the United States 1912-1959.svg
United States
No Flag of Yugoslavia 1918–1941.svg
Yugoslavia
13
1934 Flag of Italy 1861–1946.svg
Italy
Flag of Italy 1861–1946.svg
Italy
2:1 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
Flag of Germany 1867–1918.svg
Germany
3:2 Flag of Austria.svg
Austria
16
1938 Flag of France 1794–1815 1830–1958.svg
France
Flag of Italy 1861–1946.svg
Italy
4:2 Flag of Hungary 1915-1918 1919-1946.svg
Hungary
Flag of Brazil 1889–1960.svg
Brazil
4:2 Flag of Sweden.svg
Sweden
15
1942 Not celebrated by the Segunda Guerra Mundial.
1946 Not celebrated by WWII.
1950 Flag of Brazil 1889–1960.svg
Brazil
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
2:1 Flag of Brazil 1889–1960.svg
Brazil
Flag of Sweden.svg
Sweden
3:1 Flag of Spain 1945–1977.svg
Spain
13
1954 Flag of Switzerland.svg
Switzerland
Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
3:2 Flag of Hungary 1949-1956.svg
Hungary
Flag of Austria.svg
Austria
3:1 Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
16
1958 Flag of Sweden.svg
Sweden
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
5:2 Flag of Sweden.svg
Sweden
Flag of France.svg
France
6:3 Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
16
1962 Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
Flag of Brazil 1960–1968.svg
Brazil
3:1 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
1:0 Flag of Yugoslavia 1946-1992.svg
Yugoslavia
16
1966 Flag of England.svg
England
Flag of England.svg
England
4:2 Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
Flag of Portugal.svg
Portugal
2:1 Flag of the Soviet Union dark version.svg
Soviet Union
16
1970 Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
Flag of Brazil 1968–1992.svg
Brazil
4:1 Flag of Italy 1946–2003.svg
Italy
Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
1:0 Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
16
1974 Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
2:1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Netherlands
Flag of Poland 1928–1980.svg
Poland
1:0 Flag of Brazil 1968–1992.svg
Brazil
16
1978 Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
3:1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Netherlands
Flag of Brazil 1968–1992.svg
Brazil
2:1 Flag of Italy 1946–2003.svg
Italy
16
1982 Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
Flag of Italy 1946–2003.svg
Italy
3:1 Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
Flag of Poland.svg
Poland
3:2 Flag of France.svg
France
24
1986 Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
3:2 Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
Flag of France.svg
France
4:2 Flag of Belgium civil.svg
Belgium
24
1990 Flag of Italy 1946–2003.svg
Italy
Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
1:0 Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Italy 1946–2003.svg
Italy
2:1 Flag of England.svg
England
24
1994 Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
0:0
3:2 criminal
Flag of Italy 1946–2003.svg
Italy
Flag of Sweden.svg
Sweden
4:0 Flag of Bulgaria.svg
Bulgaria
24
1998 Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of France.svg
France
3:0 Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of Croatia.svg
Croatia
2:1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Netherlands
32
2002 Flag of South Korea 1997–2011.svg Flag of Japan.svg
South Korea y Japan
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
2:0 Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
Flag of Turkey.svg
Turkey
3:2 Flag of South Korea 1997–2011.svg
South Korea
32
2006 Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
Flag of Italy 2003–2006.svg
Italy
1:1
5:3 criminal
Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
3:1 Flag of Portugal.svg
Portugal
32
2010 Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
1:0 Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Netherlands
Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
3:2 Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
32
2014 Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
1:0 Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Netherlands
3:0 Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
32
2018 Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
Flag of France.svg
France
4:2 Flag of Croatia.svg
Croatia
Flag of Belgium civil.svg
Belgium
2:0 Flag of England.svg
England
32
2022 Flag of Qatar.svg
Catar
To be disputed 32
2026 Flag of Canada Pantone.svg Flag of the United States.svg Flag of Mexico.svg
Canada, United States y Mexico
To be disputed 48

History

The list below shows the 24 teams that have been among the best four in any edition of the tournament.

En Cursive, the tournament in which the team was local is indicated.

Selection Champion runner-up Third place Fourth place
BRAFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil 5 (1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002) 2 (1950, 1998) 2 (1938, 1978) 2 (1974, 2014)
GERFlag of Germany.svg Germany 4 (1954, 1974, 1990, 2014) 4 (1966, 1982, 1986, 2002) 4 (1934, 1970, 2006, 2010) 1 (1958)
ITAFlag of Italy.svg Italy 4 (1934, 1938, 1982, 2006) 2 (1970, 1994) 1 (1990) 1 (1978)
ARGFlag of Argentina.svg Argentina 2 (1978, 1986) 3 (1930, 1990, 2014)
FRAFlag of France.svg France 2 (1998, 2018) 1 (2006) 2 (1958, 1986) 1 (1982)
URUFlag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay 2 (1930, 1950) 3 (1954, 1970, 2010)
ENGFlag of England.svg England 1 (1966) 2 (1990, 2018)
ESPFlag of Spain.svg Spain 1 (2010) 1 (1950)
NEDFlag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 3 (1974, 1978, 2010) 1 (2014) 1 (1998)
HUNFlag of Hungary.svg Hungary 2 (1938, 1954)
CZEFlag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic 2 (1934, 1962)
SWEFlag of Sweden.svg Sweden 1 (1958) 2 (1950, 1994) 1 (1938)
CROFlag of Croatia.svg Croatia 1 (2018) 1 (1998)
POLFlag of Poland.svg Poland 2 (1974, 1982)
TUEFlag of Austria.svg Austria 1 (1954) 1 (1934)
BYFlag of Portugal.svg Portugal 1 (1966) 1 (2006)
BELFlag of Belgium civil.svg Belgium 1 (2018) 1 (1986)
USAFlag of the United States.svg United States 1 (1930)
CHIFlag of Chile.svg Chile 1 (1962)
TURFlag of Turkey.svg Turkey 1 (2002)
SRBFlag of Serbia.svg Serbia 2 (1930, 1962)
RUSSIANFlag of Russia.svg Russia 1 (1966)
BULFlag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria 1 (1994)
KORFlag of South Korea.svg South Korea 1 (2002)

Titles by confederation

Below are the two confederations that have shared the world cups.

En Cursive the tournament where the confederation was local is indicated.

Confederacy Securities Editions
UEFA (Europe) 12 1934, 1938, 1954, 1966, 1974, 1982, 1990, 1998, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018
Conmebol (South America) 9 1930, 1950, 1958, 1962, 1970, 1978, 1986, 1994, 2002

Equipment

World cup countries best results and hosts

Map according to results in the World Cup and host countries.

More than 200 different teams have been part of the qualifying processes and 79 have participated throughout the final phase of the World Cup. Of them, 13 have reached the final of the tournament and 8 have achieved victory.

Brazil is the most successful team, reaching five championships, followed by Italy y Germany with four. In statistical terms, Brazil is the team with the most wins, followed by Germany and Italy. Of the 4 titles won by Germany, 3 belong to West Germany and cattle recently belongs to the unified; It has also been the team with the most participations in finals, in a total of 8.

Brazil and Italy are also the only teams to have won two tournaments consecutively: Italy did it in 1934 y 1938, while the South Americans achieved it in 1958 y 1962. Both teams have met in two finals (1970 y 1994), in both Brazil has emerged victorious. The 1970 final, moreover, was the first in which a three-time champion was crowned, who was definitively awarded the Jules Rimet trophy.

Of the eight champion teams, all except for Brazil y Spain, they have been champions at least once when the tournament was organized at their home. On the other hand, Brazil, Spain and Germany are the teams that have won a tournament outside of their continent: in Suecia 1958 y South Korea-Japan 2002 for the first, in South Africa 2010 for the second and on Brazil 2014 for the third. Instead, Mexico y Brazil they are the only teams that have hosted twice without having obtained the title.

Germany against Argentina It is the most repeated match in the World Cup finals; on C.P. 1986; Italia 1990 y Brazil 2014.

Regarding the participations, Brazil is the only team present in all the events (21 in total), followed by Germany with 19, Italy with 18, Argentina with 17, Mexico with 16, and Spain, France and England with 15.

Players

FIFA WC-qualification 2014 - Austria vs. Germany 2012-09-11 - Miroslav Klose 01

The top scorer in the history of the World Cups, Miroslav Klose.

About 6000 players have participated in the World Cup and many of them have gone down in history. Of them, a select group has participated in multiple opportunities of the event: only three players have played matches in five tournaments: the Mexican Antonio Carbajal between 1950 y 1966, alemán Lothar Matthaus between 1982 y 1998 (period in which he even won the championship) and the Mexican Rafa Marquez between 2002 y 2018. In terms of matches played, Matthäus played 25 matches, a record that remains to this day. The Italian Paolo Maldini on the other hand, he is the player who has played the most minutes, with 2217 minutes in his four appearances between 1990 y 2002.

As for goals, the sixteen of the German Miroslav Klose make him the player who has scored the most goals in all the Cup events. Soccer World Cup 1958, French Just fontaine he scored 13 annotations, a figure that has remained the highest number of goals achieved in a single event, being his only global touchdowns.

Roger Milla, footballer of Cameroon became the oldest player (42 years) to score a goal in a World Cup against Russia in the 1994 World disputed in the United States. In that same meeting, the Russian Oleg salenko he scored five goals, setting the record for the most goals in a World Cup match.

In Russian World 2018 the egyptian goalkeeper Essam El-Hadary He became the longest-lived footballer to play a match in the history of the World Cup, playing the match between Egypt and Saudi Arabia. To date, he was 45 years and 161 days old.

Historic scorers table

More than 1300 players have scored in a World Cup match, totaling 2548 goals in the 21 editions of the tournament. The German Miroslav Klose is the one who has scored the most goals, with a total of 16 goals in 4 editions, while the French Just fontaine he is the one with the most goals mark in a single tournament, with 13 annotations.

Below are the thirteen players who have scored 10 or more goals in the history of the tournament. On Cursive Active players selectable by their selection are indicated.

Pos Player Selection goals Matches Average Tournaments played
1 Miroslav Klose GermanyFlag of Germany.svg Germany 16 24 0,67 2002, 2006, 2010 y 2014
2 Ronaldo BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil 15 19 0,79 1998, 2002, 2006
3 Gerd Muller GermanyFlag of Germany.svg Germany 14 13 1,08 1970 y 1974
4 Just fontaine FranceFlag of France.svg France 13 6 2,17 1958
5 Pele BrazilFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil 12 14 0,86 1958, 1962, 1966 y 1970
6 Sandor Kocsis HungaryFlag of Hungary.svg Hungary 11 5 2,2 1954
Jurgen Klinsmann GermanyFlag of Germany.svg Germany 11 17 0,65 1990, 1994 y 1998
8 Helmut rahn GermanyFlag of Germany.svg Germany 10 10 1 1954 y 1958
Gabriel Batistuta ArgentinaFlag of Argentina.svg Argentina 10 12 0,83 1994, 1998 y 2002
Gary Lineker EnglandFlag of England.svg England 10 12 0,83 1986 y 1990
Theophilus Cubillas PeruFlag of Peru.svg Peru 10 13 0,77 1970, 1978 y 1982
Thomas Müller GermanyFlag of Germany.svg Germany 10 16 0,63 2010, 2014 y 2018
Grzegorz Lato PolandFlag of Poland.svg Poland 10 20 0,5 1974, 1978 y 1982

Players with the most games played

Note: Players with 20 or more games played are listed. On Cursive, players selectable by your selection.
Pos Player Selection PJ Minutes Tournaments played
1 Lothar Matthaus Flag of Germany.svg Germany 25 1982, 1986, 1990, 1994 y 1998
2 Miroslav Klose Flag of Germany.svg Germany 24 2002, 2006, 2010 y 2014
3 Paolo Maldini Flag of Italy.svg Italy 23 2217 1990, 1994, 1998 y 2002
4 Uwe Seeler Flag of Germany.svg Germany 21 1958, 1962, 1966 y 1970
Wladyslaw Zmuda Flag of Poland.svg Poland 21 1974, 1978, 1982 y 1986
Diego Maradona Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 21 1982, 1986, 1990 y 1994
7 Grzegorz Lato Flag of Poland.svg Poland 20 1974, 1978 y 1982
Cafu Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 20 1994, 1998, 2002 y 2006
Philipp Lahm Flag of Germany.svg Germany 20 2006, 2010 y 2014
Bastian Schweinsteiger Flag of Germany.svg Germany 20 2006, 2010 y 2014
Javier Mascherano Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 20 2006, 2010, 2014 y 2018

trainers

Italian coach Vittorio pozzo is the only one who has won the World Cup Soccer Championship twice, in the editions of Italia 1934 y France 1938. Meanwhile, the alemán Franz Beckenbauer, Brazilian Mario Zagallo and French Didier Deschamps they have been the only coaches who have emerged as champions both as players and as coaches.

All the coaches who have won a championship have been of the same nationality as the teams they directed.

goals

Brazil and Croatia match at the FIFA World Cup 2014-06-12 43

The Croatian goalkeeper Stipe pletikosa tries to stop a Brazilian penalty Neymar at the opening of the Soccer World Cup 2014.

During the 21 editions of the World Cup played until 2018, 2548 goals have been scored. Of these, 53 have been own goals. The World Cup has been the scene of some of the most famous goals in football history. Among them the call God's hand and Goal of the Century, both marked by Diego Maradona during the same game of the Soccer World Cup 1986.

At the tournament level, the editions of France 1998 and Brazil 2014 They are the ones that have had the highest number of goals, with 171 annotations in their 64 matches played each, while the fewest number was in 1930 y 1934 with 70 goals (although the first edition had 18 games, one more than the 1934 edition). Considering the number of matches, the highest number of goals per match was in the 1954 World, with 5.38 points per game; the lowest figure, meanwhile, was 2.21 goals per game in the 1990 World. This generally reflects the evolution of football: during the first years of the tournament, football was characterized by its offensive aspect and the matches averaged close to 4 goals per match. After the 1954 World CupHowever, the sport began to develop more defensive aspects, which influenced the decrease in goals scored: from 1958 onwards, the average of goals did not exceed 3 per game.

The draws of the participating teams have produced, on occasions, encounters between teams of very different levels, which has been reflected in wins. However, not all matches with a high number of goals scored are due solely to goals scored: the match with the most goals scored was the one played between Austria and the local Switzerland in the 1954 World Cup, which ended with a Austrian victory by 7: 5. The final with the most scores, meanwhile, was the one played in 1958 by Brazil y Sweden, which ended with the victory of the first by 5: 2. On the other hand, the final between Brazil e Italy en 1994 it finished without goals, reason why they resorted to a series of penalties, where the South Americans were able to lift their fourth world cup. The 7: 1 from Germany to Brazil also stands out, being the biggest win ever received by a host country and a world champion team in a World Cup.

The biggest goals in the Soccer World Cup are listed below:

Selection Result Selection Edition
HungaryFlag of Hungary.svg Hungary 10:1 El SalvadorFlag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador Flag of Spain.svg Spain 1982
HungaryFlag of Hungary.svg Hungary 9:0 South KoreaFlag of South Korea.svg South Korea Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland 1954
YugoslaviaFlag of Yugoslavia 1946-1992.svg Yugoslavia 9:0 ZaireFlag of Zaire 1971–1997.svg Zaire Flag of Germany.svg West Germany 1974
SwedenFlag of Sweden.svg Sweden 8:0 CubaFlag of Cuba.svg Cuba Flag of France.svg France 1938
UruguayFlag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay 8:0 BoliviaFlag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 1950
GermanyFlag of Germany.svg Germany 8:0 Saudi ArabiaFlag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia Flag of South Korea.svg Flag of Japan.svg South Korea / Japan 2002

Awards

Finale de la Coupe du monde 1938 at Colombes France le selectionneur Pozzo brandit la victoire ailee
Ousmane Dembele World Cup Trophy
Two trophies have been awarded in World Cup history: the Jules Rimet Cup in the hands of the italian Vittorio pozzo to win the 1938 World (left) issued between the 1930s through 1970s and the FIFA World Cup Trophy in the hands of the french Ousmane Dembélé to win the 2018 World (right) delivered from the 1974 edition to date.

During the World Cup, the organization arranges for the delivery of various prizes according to the participation of the teams and players throughout the tournament.

Without a doubt, the main prize is the title of champion of the event. The team that manages to be crowned champion receives the FIFA World Cup Trophy for four years. The team also receives a replica of the trophy and its name is engraved on the base of the original. This cup is delivered after the Jules Rimet Cup was awarded definitively (as established by the regulations) to Brazil when it was crowned champion for the third time in 1970. The winning team also receives a monetary award, which in the last edition reached 16 million euro (equivalent to more than 19 million dollars). The original cup was designed by Abel lafleur. The current design is Silvio Gazzaniga.

Goleadores

From the start of the tournament, one of the most important prizes is the event's scorer, that is, the player who scores the most goals during the final phase of each World Cup. From the 1982 World Cup the award was officially instituted as the "Golden Boot." From the 2006 World The "silver booty" and the "bronze booty" were also delivered, for the players in second and third place in the scorers' statistic. If there are two or more players with the same number of goals, each one receives the corresponding prize, regardless of the number of minutes played by each or whether the goals were scored on penalties. Statistically, the 1962 Championship stands out, in which there were 6 scorers, being the least amount of goals scored by a scorer.

Edition Goal scorer goals
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay 1930 Flag of Argentina alternative.svg William Stabile 8
Flag of Italy 1861–1946.svg Italia 1934 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Oldrich Nejedly 5
Flag of France.svg France 1938 Flag of Brazil 1889–1960.svg Leonidas da Silva 7
Flag of Brazil 1889–1960.svg Brazil 1950 Flag of Brazil 1889–1960.svg ademir 9
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland 1954 Flag of Hungary 1949-1956.svg Sandor kocsis 11
Flag of Sweden.svg Suecia 1958 Flag of France.svg Just fontaine 13
Flag of Chile.svg Chile 1962 Flag of Brazil 1960–1968.svg Garrincha 4
Flag of Brazil 1960–1968.svg Vava
Flag of Hungary.svg Florián Albert
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Valentin Ivanov
Flag of Yugoslavia 1946-1992.svg Drazan Jerkovic
Flag of Chile.svg Leonel Sanchez
Flag of England.svg England 1966 Flag of Portugal.svg Eusébio 9
Flag of Mexico.svg C.P. 1970 Flag of Germany.svg Gerd Muller 10
Flag of Germany.svg Alemania 1974 Flag of Poland 1928–1980.svg Grzegorz Lato 7
Flag of Argentina alternative.svg Argentina 1978 Flag of Argentina alternative.svg Mario Kempes 6
Flag of Spain.svg Spain 1982 Flag of Italy.svg Paolo Rossi 6
Flag of Mexico.svg C.P. 1986 Flag of England.svg Gary Lineker 6
Flag of Italy.svg Italia 1990 Flag of Italy.svg Salvatore schillaci 6
Flag of the United States.svg United States 1994 Flag of Russia.svg Oleg salenko 6
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Hristo stoitchkov
Flag of France.svg France 1998 Flag of Croatia.svg Davor Suker 6
Flag of South Korea.svg Flag of Japan.svg South Korea / Japan 2002 Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo 8
Flag of Germany.svg Alemania 2006 Flag of Germany.svg Miroslav Klose 5
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 2010 Flag of Germany.svg Thomas Müller 5
Flag of Spain.svg David Villa
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Wesley Sneijder
Flag of Uruguay.svg Diego Forlan
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 2014 Flag of Colombia.svg James Rodriguez 6
Flag of Russia.svg Rusia 2018 Flag of England.svg Harry Kane 6

Golden Ball

Luka Modric receives the golden ball prize at the hands of Russian President Vladimir Putin

The croatian Luka Modrić receives the award for the best player of the 2018 tournament at the hands of the Russian president Vladimir Putin.

The "Ballon d'Or" award is presented to the best player in each edition of the FIFA World Cup. This recognition is delivered from the 1982 World Cup.

During the championship, FIFA creates a list with the 10 best players of the event in its opinion. The players on this list are subsequently voted on by the representatives of the press specialized. The Golden Ball is awarded to the one who has obtained the most votes, while the Silver Ball and the Bronze Ball are awarded to the second and third most voted, respectively.

The election process has been criticized in recent editions, as it is carried out prior to the final of the championship. This has caused some players to have been elected, but in the final of the tournament there is another that stands out or simply the chosen one does not meet expectations. Only three times (Paolo Rossi en 1982, Diego Maradona en 1986 y Romario en 1994), the award has been awarded to a player from that year's champion team. The rest has been in general to players of the team defeated in the final, with the exception of Salvatore schillaci y Diego Forlan, who were defeated in the semifinals of 1990 y 2010, respectively. However, the champion team has always had one of its players among the shortlist of awarded players (be it Ballon d'Or, Silver or Bronze).

World Cup Golden Ball Team Silver Ball Team Bronze Ball Team
Flag of Spain.svg Spain 1982 Paolo Rossi ITAFlag of Italy.svg Italy Falcão BRAFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Karl-Heinz Rummenigge GERFlag of Germany.svg Germany
Flag of Mexico.svg C.P. 1986 Diego Maradona ARGFlag of Argentina.svg Argentina Harald schumacher GERFlag of Germany.svg Germany Preben Elkjaer Larsen THEFlag of Denmark.svg Denmark
Flag of Italy.svg Italia 1990 Salvatore schillaci ITAFlag of Italy.svg Italy Lothar Matthaus GERFlag of Germany.svg Germany Diego Maradona ARGFlag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Flag of the United States.svg United States 1994 Romario BRAFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Roberto Baggio ITAFlag of Italy.svg Italy Hristo stoitchkov BULFlag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Flag of France.svg France 1998 Ronaldo BRAFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Davor Suker CROFlag of Croatia.svg Croatia Lilian Thuram FRAFlag of France.svg France
Flag of South Korea.svgFlag of Japan.svg South Korea / Japan 2002 Oliver Kahn GERFlag of Germany.svg Germany Ronaldo BRAFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil Hong Myung-bo KORFlag of South Korea.svg South Korea
Flag of Germany.svg Alemania 2006 Zinedine Zidane FRAFlag of France.svg France Fabio Cannavaro ITAFlag of Italy.svg Italy Andrea Pirlo ITAFlag of Italy.svg Italy
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 2010 Diego Forlan URUFlag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay Wesley Sneijder NEDFlag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands David Villa ESPFlag of Spain.svg Spain
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 2014 Lionel Messi ARGFlag of Argentina.svg Argentina Thomas Müller GERFlag of Germany.svg Germany Arjen Robben NEDFlag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Flag of Russia.svg Rusia 2018 Luka Modrić CROFlag of Croatia.svg Croatia Eden Hazard BELFlag of Belgium civil.svg Belgium Antoine Griezmann FRAFlag of France.svg France

Others awards

Some of the other awards given out at the World Cup today include:

  • El Gold Glove, delivered from 1994 World to the best goalkeeper of each tournament.
  • El Fair play award, delivered from 1978 World to the team with the best discipline in each tournament.
  • El Most entertaining team award, delivered from 1994 World by popular vote to the team that has generated the most entertainment for viewers.
  • El Best Young Player Award, delivered from 2006 World to the best player under 21 years of each tournament.

In addition, in each tournament a «star team»In which the best players of each event in each of the demarcations are listed.

Goal of the tournament

World Cup Selection Author of the goal Rival
Flag of Germany.svg Alemania 2006 ARGFlag of Argentina.svg Argentina Maxi Rodriguez MEXFlag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 2010 URUFlag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay Diego Forlan GERFlag of Germany.svg Germany
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 2014 CollarFlag of Colombia.svg Colombia James Rodriguez URUFlag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay
Flag of Russia.svg Rusia 2018 FRAFlag of France.svg France Benjamin Pavard ARGFlag of Argentina.svg Argentina

Cultural impact

World Cup 2006 German fans at Bochum

German fans wave the flag after qualifying for the second round

Since it was first televised on 1954, the World Cup has been one of the most watched sporting events throughout the world and has even surpassed the OlympicsThe 2002 Soccer World Cup, for example, had a cumulative audience of over 28,8 billion viewers and the final alone had 1100 billion worldwide.

coca cola world cup 1998

Advertising of the world cup in the soft drink Coca-Cola.

In addition, it is one of the most influential events that exist today. For many countries, the holding of the tournament in their homeland or even the participation of the national team is a historical fact of great relevance. For example, the German victory in the Soccer World Cup 1954 is considered one of the key moments for the recovery of said country after the defeat in the Segunda Guerra Mundial. The tournament has also been used for propaganda purposes, both by the fascism en Italia 1934 as for the military dictatorship Argentina en 1978. Part of its cultural impact is also provided by the social gatherings between soccer fans, before, during and after each game, who are part of it in offices, restaurants and even public transport, organizing barbecues, lunches and even family reunions. or friends at home, to wait for the games, according to the time zone of the country in which the television broadcast is made, as well as the country that organizes it.

The great repercussion of the tournament throughout the world has also served as a platform for the dissemination of the culture and artistic representations of the host countries. A sample of this was the Walk of Ideas, a series of monumental statues representing the main inventions generated in Germany and that was built during the realization of the Soccer World Cup 2006. Music has also had an important place: most of the tournaments have had official themes, which have become very popular throughout the world. Ricky Martin, after the release of the official theme of France 1998, The cup of Life, was able to start his successful career outside the Spanish-speaking world.

Technology

VAR System Logo.svg

El video assistant referee, also known by the acronym VAR (video assistant referee) or video refereeing, is a referee assistance system used in football, whose objective is to avoid human errors that affect the result.

Berlin-Adidas World of Football 2

Some giant-size replicas of the world cup balls.

Technological development has been extremely important so that the World Cup could be the event that it is. Without a doubt the TV He played a vital role in spreading the tournament to different continents and thus making it a truly global tournament. The first matches were broadcast during the Soccer World Cup 1954 due to training some years before the European Broadcasting Union (Eurovision). Seven games were broadcast live to France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, United Kingdom, Germany y Switzerland, host of the tournament. Four years later the number of countries that received the black-and-white image rose to 63, while the final of England 1966 It would be the first encounter broadcast in color, but this technology would become popular in 1978. With the launch of technology systems satellite the event could be broadcast live more easily and in more countries, replacing the compact summaries that were given in some countries. Over the years, technology allowed a better definition of the images and already from the 2002 World Cup, Internet became one of the main communication tools, allowing not only the use of the Virtual Scoreboard that put the Web Pages of the media, but also allows the transmission of the complete matches and if people missed it, it allows them to watch it, as if it were real time or via on demand. The high definition television it would debut during the final of that same tournament and would extend to the full event, four years later. Likewise, the channel that broadcasts the matches usually sells the rights of the matches to various radio stations, to carry out the partial or total transmission of the World Soccer Championship. In the case of radio, the audience for the broadcast of the games is mainly people who walk in the streets with MP3 or MP4 players, towns where television does not reach as coverage and motorists. With the use of the Japanese Digital TV Standard, the use of HD TV with this standard is allowed in private vehicles and buses.

Another element that would experience a great technological advance from the hand of the World Cup is the soccer ball. Soccer balls were used in the first events. leather filled with a bladder to give it consistency, but over the years they evolved and improved their characteristics. On C.P. 1970 the orange leather balls were eventually discarded, giving way to the traditional white balls with polygonal black hulls. This new ball was called «Telstar«, In honor of the satellite that made possible the transmission of the event to various corners of the globe. In Argentina 1978 and Spain 1982 the ball «Tango» was famous for its diffusion. Four years later, synthetic materials were used for the first time to increase the impermeability of the ball and in 1986 would be the main material of the ball «Azteca«. Over the years the ball has progressively improved, becoming lighter and faster and perfecting its curvature, until it reached 2006 to the «Team spirit«, That with fourteen helmets (eighteen less than those of his predecessor,«Fevernova«) Joined by thermowelding make it almost entirely spherical. For him 2010 the ball was used «Jabulani«. In the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, the ball was used «Brazuca»And for the 2018 World Cup in Russia the ball«Telstar 18«.

See also

  • Soccerball.svg Portal: Soccer. Content related to Soccer.
  • History of the Soccer World Cup
  • Annex: Statistics by phases of the Soccer World Cup
  • Annex: Statistical table of the Soccer World Cup
  • World champion soccer teams
  • Official titles of senior teams
  • Official titles of soccer teams
  • Official FIFA titles in men's, women's and interactive competitions
  • Choice of the venue for the Soccer World Cup
  • Football at the Olympics
  • Women's Soccer World Cup
  • U20 Soccer World Cup
  • U17 Soccer World Cup
  • World Cup Soccer Brands

  • Cosimo Panini, Franco (2010), World Cup Panini Football Collections 1970-2006 (1st edition), Spain: GalaBooks Ediciones, ISBN 978-84-937482-0-3.
  • Maldonado, July (2006), From a clockwork orange to the hand of God: anecdotes, delusions and world football legends (1st edition), Madrid: Planeta, ISBN 84-08-06708-7.
  • Murillo Vega, Jose (1991), The World Cup: 60 years of history 1930-1990 (1st edition), Mexico: Memoria Gráfica SC Servicios Editorial, ISBN 968-6707-01-8.
  • The history of the World Cups (1st edition), Mexico: Televisa, 2006.

Outlinks

  • Commons-logo.svg Wikimedia Commons hosts a multimedia category on Soccer World Cup.
  • Wikinews-logo.svg Wikinews has news related to Soccer World Cup.
  • Soccer World Cup on FIFA.com
  • World Cup history