|Nom. full||ACF Fiorentina SpA|
August 29, 1926 (94 years)
Be Associazione Calcio Firenze
August 1, 2002 (18 years)
Be ACF Fiorentina SpA
Rocco Commisso (98%)
Florence Viola (2%)
Viale Manfredo Fanti, 4
September 13, 1931 (89 years)
Be Stadio Giovanni Berta
Series A 2020-21
|Official Web site|
La Fiorentina Calcium Association, and legally known as ACF Fiorentina, is a sports group based in Florence, Italy, in the Tuscany region. It was founded as a football club on August 29, 1926 under the name of Associazione Calcio Firenze. Disappeared in 2002 due to a severe financial crisis, it was re-founded the same month under the name of Fiorentina 1926 Florence before adopting its current name in 2003. Its legal entity is the Sports Company by Shares (in Italian, Società per azioni, S. p. TO.), A circumstance that Italian clubs are required to do for their regularity.
Participates in the highest category of the Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A, the homonymous Serie A of Italy, uninterruptedly since the 2004-05 season for a total of seventy-six seasons, being the fifth Italian team with the most appearances in the competition since its establishment in 1929. Throughout its history it has won two League championships or badges in the 1955-56 and 1968-69 seasons. Its national record is completed with six Cup championships and one Super Cup, being one of the most important and recognized soccer institutions in the transalpine country.
Governed by the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) at the national level, and by the European Union of Football Associations (UEFA) and the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) —the highest football organization— at the international level, ACF Fiorentina was the first Italian team to win in a competition organized by UEFA after winning the first edition of the Recopa de Europa, being also one of the thirteen clubs from the old continent that has played at least once in the final of the three main organized competitions by the highest European body: the European Cup, the UEFA Cup and the aforementioned Recopa de Europa, maintaining this as the only international trophy achieved by the club.
Identified by its purple color - from which it receives the nickname of "viola"- has played their home matches since 1931 at the Artemio Franchi Stadium - known at its foundation as Stadio Giovanni Berta-, which has an approximate capacity of 47.300 spectators, the sixth with the highest capacity in Italy. The enclosure is considered one of the most influential architectural works of Italian rationalism and of the city, in turn considered one of the great cradles of art.
ACF Fiorentina footballers
Background and early years
Although the official date of the founding of the club dates from August 26, 1926, the origins of the Associazione Calcio Firenze go back years. It is on May 26, 1898 when these roots were born with the founding of the Florence Football Club , an association reserved only to aristocrats and mostly Anglo-Saxon descendants residing in the city. The club, constituted under the English rules of current association football, was the first in the city to be founded under these guidelines as opposed to those of the Florentine calcium, already present in its streets for centuries. Over the following years, a multitude of sports associations were created and dissolved without any of them being able to consolidate itself at the national level, also the case of Florence FC or «team of the foreigners ”—the nickname by which he was known—, who nevertheless remained in essence when his members became part of two other sports clubs: Palestra GinnasticaLibertas, founded in 1912, and the Club Sportivo Firenze, existing since 1870.
Eventually these two clubs merged to found the Associazione Calcio Firenze on August 26, 1926 with the aim of establishing himself in the country's soccer elite. The club, chaired by Marquis Luigi Ridolfi Vay da Verrazzano for its first fifteen seasons, wore a shirt made up of the colors of its two predecessor clubs, half red and half white.
Before officially adopting these colors as a uniform, the team temporarily wore a dark red shirt with which it played its first matches. The first meeting of the society took place on September 20 in front of the Società Sportiva Signa. The meeting, played in the Stadio Velodrome Libertas, ended with a result of 1-2 favorable to the visiting team. Just a week later, on the 29th, they played another friendly match against another company, drawing two goals against Associazione Calcio Sampierdarenese.
After having played only two games against other clubs in just over a month since its founding, it began to play the First Division of Italy 1926-27, second category of Italy. On October 3, the club, which by then had changed its name to Fiorentina Calcium Association and in which he officially adopted the red-and-white quartered shirt, he played his first official match against neighboring Pisa Sporting Club and which ended with a 3-1 victory for the Fiorentinos, with Rodolfo Volk signing the first goal in the history of the entity.
AC Fiorentina, who played the championship under the name of Fiorentina Calcium Association Despite being registered with the previous name, he starred in the first case of fixing in Italy with the so-called Savoia-Fiorentina Case. The event, in which the Neapolitan club offered to lose in exchange for financial favors to avoid its bankruptcy at the Once the Tuscans needed those points to get closer to the championship leader - the Football Club Liberty de Bari - and achieve promotion to the National Division, he was discovered days later and penalized by the Italian Federazione Giuoco Calcio - FIGC (Italian Football Federation). Despite the fact that the Fiorentinos did not finally achieve promotion, a restructuring of the Italian championship and the federation pardon after admitting the fix, he was finally promoted along with five other teams to the first category.
To face his first season in the highest category of Italian football, he absorbed Itala Football Club, a fact that, however, did not help him to maintain the category, finishing last in his group, since then to play the newly created Serie B of the Lega Series. After a new reform of the championship. From then on, he used the purple jerseys that still remain today —which according to some sources attribute that tonality to a faulty washing in the Arno waters of the red-and-white elastic bands of his early years— Luigi Ridolfi was once again the architect of a new change in what seemed an unstable society.
The squad violet, as they would be known since then, they once again integrated the second Italian professional category until 1931. As champions of Serie B in the 1930-31 campaign, they once again entered the highest category of Italian football but playing it for the first time under their name of Serie A Its debut took place against Milan Football Club in a match that ended with a one-goal draw and that would mark the future of a career in which the Tuscans opened the Stadio Artemio Franchi-then Stadio Giovanni Berta- as a venue for their local matches. . A commendable fourth place in the final placed it since then as one of the most competitive teams in the country until in 1935 its first remarkable success arrived when it agreed to play its first international competition, the Mitropa Cup or Central European Cup, thanks to the up to the date his best performance in the championship, a third place.
Notable ups and downs before the War
With hires such as that of world champion Pedro Petrone - known as "the gunner" - it became one of the strongest Italian teams in the early XNUMXs, to end up accessing the aforementioned competition, the first to be played at an international club level. and to date the only continental one in Europe. The team was defeated in the quarter-finals by the Czechoslovaks of Athletic Club Sparta - one of the best teams in Europe at the time known as the «Železná Sparta». (Iron Sparta)-, ultimately champions of that edition, by an 8-4 aggregate in the tie. A poor performance in the first leg in which they lost 7-1 rendered their 3-1 victory in the second leg useless.
The elimination, added to the one produced later in the semifinal of the 1936 Cup championship, was a turning point in the team's trajectory, beginning to complete more discreet performances in the league championship until losing the tradition treasured during the previous years and that finally it ended with the loss of the category in the 1937-38 season. After a year he returned to Serie A and despite agonizingly saving the category for a better goal difference, it was the season in which he won his first title, the 1940 Italian Cup, after some very worthy performances. After getting rid of teams such as Associazione Calcio Milano, Società Sportiva Lazio or Juventus beat Associazione Calcio Genova 1 0-1893 to become the eleventh team to win an official competition in the country.
These good performances were about to be seconded by the league championship the following season after finishing five points behind the champion and repeating in third place as his best result until a couple of years later the competitions in the country had to be suspended. for war reasons preventing the establishment of stability in the club.
The League was suspended for two years for the Second World War, for twelve of the Cup, to resume the competition in 1945-46 under the name of Mixed National Division Championship since it was divided into two groups, one formed by teams from the North. from Italy (and all from Serie A), and another for teams from the Center-South (belonging to Serie A and B), which is why this season does not appear in some sources as official. After saving again in extremis the category the following season began a new improvement that was settled and increased by the arrival to the presidency of Enrico Befani.
The glorious time
After notable performances in the early years of the new decade, the club's greatest success finally came with the league title in the 1955-56 edition. The first title of history violet was consummated with an incredible participation in which they only registered a defeat, already with the championship decided and on the last day of the competition. A competition until then dominated by teams from the north of the country saw how the Florence team managed to prevail in a historic championship with a wide advantage over the rest. The star of the team was then the Brazilian right winger Júlio Botelho Julinho, who had already excelled in the 1954 Swiss World Cup. The striker was accompanied by great players such as Giuliano Sarti, Ardico Magnini, Sergio Cervato, Giuseppe Chiappella, Francesco Rosetta, Armando Segato, Miguel Montuori, Giuseppe Virgili, Guido Gratton or Maurilio Prini Among others, those who would mark the Tuscan club's most successful era so far under the command of Fulvio Bernardini and the classic English formation “WM.” The defeats against AC Milan and Juventus FC were recorded in the club's history.
In the following campaign the squad violet It became the second Italian team to contest the UEFA European Cup - officially the European Champions Club Cup - and the first in the country to play in the final of the top club competition in Europe. After getting rid of Sweden's IK Norrköping, Switzerland's Grasshopper Club and Yugoslavia's FK Crvena Zvezda before facing the defending champions for the title, the Real Madrid Football Club of Alfredo Di Stéfano, Paco Gento, Héctor Rial, Miguel Muñoz and Raymond Kopa. The Italians played a good game against the Spanish, who were at the top of European football, marking a historic sporting era, and managed to hold out until the last moments of the game. Finally, two goals from Di Stéfano and Gento put an end to Tuscan hopes of being the best team on the old continent, the only game they lost in the entire competition.
During that same season, it was also on the verge of achieving the League title, which would have been the second in its history. He finished as runner-up behind AC Milan, contesting the next edition of the European Cup, where they would also fall in the final against Real Madrid. Once again, three more league runners-up, always after the Lombard team or after Juventus FC, consolidated them as one of the best teams in the country despite resisting their second championship title. The same situation occurred in the Cup championship - resumed in 1957 after twelve editions of absence - where he finished as runner-up in his tenth edition and in the twelfth. However, that second runner-up allowed him to play in the 1959-60 season what would be UEFA's second European competition: the European Cup of Cup Champions, to which the current champions of the different editions of the Cup of all Europe, since the team violet It came from having lost in the final against Juventus FC, league champions and therefore in the European Cup.
The following year the titles for the Tuscan team finally arrived again. The Cup championship achieved against its executioner in 1958, the Società Sportiva Lazio, was joined by what to date is the institution's greatest achievement: the European championship in the European Cup of Cup Champions, popularly known as the Recopa of Europe.
This first edition, organized by the Mitropa or Central European Cup committee, had only ten contestants due to the little impact it had. In it, he got rid of Swiss FC Luzern and FD Dinamo of Yugoslavia before meeting Scottish Glasgow Rangers in a two-legged final in the final. The Italians prevailed 0-2 in their rival's field and 2-1 in the second leg in Italy, thus conquering the title 4-1 on aggregate. Years later, in 1963, UEFA recognized the title as official after the request of the Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio - FIGC (Italian Football Federation).
The following year, and due to the aforementioned Cup championship achieved in 1961, he returned to contest the competition that in its second edition was for all purposes already organized by the highest European football organization. On his way to the final, the defending champion defeated the Austrian SK Rapid Wien, the Czechoslovak DSO Dynamo Žilina and the Hungarian Újpesti Dzsa. In the last match to elucidate the title, which in this edition was played in a single match in Glasgow, he again faced a Spanish team: Club Atlético de Madrid. Swede Kurt Hamrin equaled the rojiblancos' early goal, necessitating a tie-breaker that took place four months later in Stuttgart. In it the Spanish won 3-0 preventing the Fiorentinos from revalidating the title.
The generational change of the team did not affect its performance, and despite not reaping great performances such as those produced so far, it remained in the high places of the League classification table with players such as Giancarlo De Sisti, Amarildo, Salvatore Esposito, Mario Maraschi, Francesco Rizzo or Ugo Ferrante among others. The successes were made to wait, but finally in the eighteenth edition of the Cup they won a new title by defeating the Calabrian Unione Sportiva Catanzaro 2-1. A year before, he returned to play a European competition, in this case the Cities Cup in Fair. Eliminated in their first meeting, the club still continued to add European participations year after year although without the luck of previous years, without translating into titles. Another early elimination in the same competition the following year, however, was the one that preceded the aforementioned Cup title against Catanzaro's team and the first title in the upcoming Central European Cup by defeating the Czechoslovakian Jednota Trenčín. The rivalry was growing more and more in the football world, but the club still stood as a reference in Italy and Europe. Uninterruptedly he played editions of the Recopa and the Fairs Cup until he again agreed to play the European Cup, and with it the second scudetoo of its history.
The 1968-69 championship was marked especially by the names of Bruno Pesaola, a coach who a year earlier made SSC Napoli runner-up, and Maraschi, who was the team's top scorer with 14 of the 38 goals scored by the team. A fight with AC Milan and Gigi Riva's Unione Sportiva Cagliari maintained the excitement in the championship until a victory against Juventus FC on March 9 gave the team the lead. violet so as not to abandon it until the longed-for championship is achieved. Like their previous league title, they only lost one game, but a strong and compact team in all its lines could not repeat the success in the highest continental competition. The Scottish Celtic Football Club brought them down in the quarter-finals with a 3-1 aggregate result.
Before starting a slow decline in which he combined success with disappointment, he gave his fans his last joys before dragging on a long drought of titles. A runner-up in the 1970 Alpine Cup preceded an unfortunate performance in the 1970-71 League championship that nearly made him lose the category, but was miraculously saved on the last day by a better goal-average after the defeat of Unione Sportiva Foggia and their draw against Juventus FC in Turin. A setback, as he was once again runner-up in a previously defeated competition, the 1971-72 Mitropa Cup.
The following years the club returned to position itself among the high places of the classification thanks to the stature of new players such as Giancarlo Antognoni, who helped the club to have meritorious performances when in 1973 and 1975 he achieved a runner-up in the Anglo-Italian Cup and a Anglo-Italian League Cup championship respectively, before claiming their fourth Italian Cup by beating AC Milan 3-2.
A third-place finish in the 1976-77 championship was his best league performance in those years, before saving the category again at the last minute the following season. The defeat of US Foggia, and their draw against Genoa in 1893 - a club that was also fighting for permanence - earned them to remain in the top flight again due to better goal difference. After other low-key performances, a turning point was reached in the club's history.
The slow decline and rivalry with the "Bianconeri"
Antognoni was joined by great players such as Giovanni Galli, Daniel Bertoni, Francesco Graziani and Daniele Massaro, who were on the verge of conquering a new league title. The contest for the championship of the 1981-82 season was hotly contested until its last day. The rival, once again Juventus FC, had players of the stature of Dino Zoff, Claudio Gentile, Antonio Cabrini, Gaetano Scirea and Paolo Rossi. After two draws to zero goals in their two confrontations, they came tied on points on the last day. In it, which turned out to be highly controversial due to arbitration decisions, the Tuscans who had a worse goal difference needed to obtain a better result than the one obtained by the Turinese. However, the hopes of Fiorentinas were dashed when in the 75th minute of their match the Juventinos scored a dubious penalty goal that put them ahead on the scoreboard while not signaling a clear one against them, while the Fiorentinos did not pass XNUMX-XNUMX after the referee annulled a legal goal scored by Graziani. Both results thus reached the end, giving the "bianconeri" (black and white) champions as champions, achieving their twentieth wound. The hitherto historical and sporting rivalry between both entities took on a more feverish character since then. This result was the first obstacle in the successful future of the club.
A third place in 1983-84 and early eliminations in Europe before contesting the final rounds was his baggage before an inconsequential career that led him to reach a new European runner-up. This participation and the departure of the great players of the team due to various circumstances ended the successful stage of the Tuscan club.
Four years before the aforementioned final, one of those who would later become one of the best players in Italy: Roberto Baggio. Loved and admired by the fans, he led the club to relive its previous tradition by being the linchpin that led the team to the 1989-90 UEFA Cup final, thus being one of the few clubs on the continent to have participated. in at least one final of the top three European competitions. The contest, played in two games, was against the already enemy Juventus FC led by Zoff and lacking a benchmark after the withdrawal of Michel Platini, world and team star.
The going in the Stadio Comunale it was almost sentenced on the Turin side by 3-1. Both Renato Buso and the benchmark Baggio gave hope for the second leg in Florence. Despite this, it was settled with a zero tie that prevented the title from remaining in the capital of Tuscany. What was the first international final disputed by two Italian teams only increased the rivalry between the two teams at the same time that it led to a new outcome of episodes that ended up both historicizing their disputes and marking the trajectory violet.
The Pontello family then ceded the property to the Cecchi Gori family, well-known film producers. From his hand came players like Stefan Effenberg, Francesco Baiano to alleviate what was one of the most dramatic events in the recent history of the club. Added to the recent lost continental final was the fact that the Juventine team snatched their great figure, Roberto Baggio, from them for a record number at the time that caused riots in the streets of Florence and pushed their rivalry to the limit.
The new hires revived a team that wandered through lower positions in the classification, until their arrival took the team to the top of the table before the Cecchi Gori dismissed coach Gigi Radice on January 3, 1993 without him no one knew why, and from then on the team suffered a collective amnesia culminating in their fateful relegation to Serie B after 54 years in the top flight.
The return to Serie A in 1994 restored the illusion to the team violet who hired players like Rui Costa or Gabriel Batistuta willing to recover the former glory of the team, a fact that did not take long to occur.
Return to the Italian elite
The society led by its captain, best player and top scorer in history (with three titles at the club and 207 goals in all competitions), the Argentine center forward Gabriel Batistuta and accompanied by two great figures, supported by players like Francesco Toldo, Lorenzo Amoruso or Michele Serena led the team to regain the title track. Especially the Argentine Batistuta, who later entered the club's history by scoring 168 goals in 269 games between 1991 and 2000.
The new stage saw how on his return to the first division he closed with a third place and a Cup championship after beating Atalanta Bergamasca Calcio 3-0 on aggregate. The victory allowed them to play for the first time in the still young competition of the Supercoppa di Lega, which marked a new title for the club's history. Faced with league champions, AC Milan, they managed to defeat it 2-1 thus adding a new trophy to the showcases.
The good line was maintained the following season, where despite a ninth place in the league, the club managed to reach the semifinals of the Recopa de Europa in 1996-97. In the competition in which they joined all their hopes in the season, they were eliminated by FC Barcelona in the second leg (0-2) after the tie in the first match held in Barcelona (1-1).
The club returned to compete in Europe regularly and remained one of the teams to be reckoned with in Italy, until a third place in the 1998-99 season led it to play the renowned European Cup for the first time under its name. of the UEFA Champions League. The course also closed with a Cup runner-up after losing by the away goal rule against Parma Associazione Calcio.
After three decades without access to the top European club competition, the club made a worthy appearance against more seasoned clubs in the new format. They passed the previous phase to be classified in group "B" with FC Barcelona of Spain, English Arsenal Football Club and AIK of Sweden, and go on to the next round of groups as second classified. In his new group he faced the English Manchester United Football Club, the Spanish Valencia Club de Fútbol and the French Football Club des Girondins de Bordeaux. Depending on his classification of the results that occurred on the last day, where he needed to beat the French and that the Valencians lost to the English, he ended his participation after finishing both games with a draw.
Willing to maintain the good course achieved, Angelo Di Livio was hired and won the Cup title again in the 2000-01 edition after defeating Parma AC 2-1 on aggregate, thus returning the coin for the final of 1999. The ensuing Super Cup was lost by a resounding 3-0 against Associazione Sportiva Roma by Francesco Totti. This was the last great feat of the club before entering the worst stage in its history due to the financial problems that the entity dragged.
Dissolution and resurgence of the company
The 2001-02 season was the one with the most changes for the entity as it suffered a terrible financial crisis that caused it to accumulate a debt of up to 50 million euros caused by the poor financial situation of the Cecchi Gori family, owner of the club. The consequences were that the team fell into bankruptcy that forced it to sell its most renowned players such as Toldo, Batistuta or Rui Costa for the club's subsistence, which was finally impossible and it was administratively relegated to Serie B. In case this It was not enough on August 1, 2002, Lega Calcio decided to exclude the team from Serie B due to high debts, which also caused their disappearance.
However, thanks to a maneuver by the then mayor of Florence Leonardo Domenici and his sports advisor Eugenio Giani, he founded the club in the same month of the event. Fiorentina 1926 Florence to prevent the city from running out of football, the sport loved on its streets. With the new president Diego Della Valle the name is changed again, going to be known as Florentia Viola, enrolling in Serie C2 for the 2002-03 season. In this dark time for the club, there were players involved with the spirit of the city and the team such as Di Livio, who together with striker Cristian Riganó as flag bearers, managed to ascend to Serie C1. At the end of this season, the president acquires the old team crest and changes the name again to the current one. Associazione Calcio Firenze Fiorentina definitively re-founding the team in an official way thanks to the pressure of the fans who got a judicial decision to maintain the record of the old Fiorentina. The name underwent a small variation when the name of the city was added, due to legal setbacks.
Despite the fact that the following season had to play Serie C1, the team was promoted directly to Serie B again because of the strange "Catania Case" and another series of irregularities that caused the second category to rise from 20 teams to 24 The controversy then arose again since there was a complaint that said that the Florentines did not have the sufficient and necessary capital to be a Serie B team. However, after several negotiations, the club was admitted and the capital was cleaned up. A similar case was that of the Associazione Sportiva Roma and the Società Sportiva Lazio, who due to the bankruptcy of the Parmalat company were on the verge of being relegated to Serie B, although the problem was finally resolved.
The 2003-04 season was faced with a squad made up mostly of Serie C1 players, so the season started badly. However, with the arrival of coach Emiliano Mondonico the team began to put a good winning streak on track that left it in sixth position at the end of the year, which allowed it to play a promotion for promotion against Perugia Calcio (15th place in Series A). Two games were played with a 2-1 aggregate result in favor of the Florentine team, with goals from Enrico Fantini.
Return to Serie A
The return to the first category was very celebrated and the club began work to hire top-class players such as Fabrizio Miccoli, Martin Jørgensen, Enzo Maresca, Tomáš Ujfaluši, Giampaolo Pazzini, Cristiano Lupatelli and Javier Portillo, among others. There were also players who had earned the spot since Serie C2. In its first season in Serie A since relegation, the team had many ups and downs, even firing coach Mondonico to hire the legendary Dino Zoff, who led the team saving ACF Fiorentina from relegation on the last day by winning 3 -0 to Brescia Calcio.
In the summer of 2005 the team was notably strengthened thanks to the transfer management carried out by the new sports director, Pantaleo Corvino, and the new manager, Cesare Prandelli. The notable arrivals of Giuseppe Pancaro, Luca Toni, Michele Pazienza, Riccardo Montolivo and Manuel Pasqual, gave the squad hopeful expectations for the new season. The good results led him to be recognized as the revelation of the season thanks especially to the scoring contribution of Luca Toni, with 31 goals, and finishing the championship in a fourth position that gave him a place for the UEFA Champions League. The Italian forward also received the Golden Boot for being the top scorer in the European leagues, being to date the first and only time that a club player has received it.
It seemed that the return to the elite was consummated after a black period, but nevertheless, on July 14, 2006, Fiorentina was one of the teams named to be demoted after being involved in the "Calciopoli case" of match-fixing together with Juventus Football Club, Società Sportiva Lazio and Associazione Calcio Milan. Finally, the only one who was relegated was the Turin team —which was deprived of the league title they had achieved—, and it was decided to deduct 30 points in the classification from the other three teams and with a reduction of points for the championship of the following year. This caused him to lose his place to compete in a European competition for the benefit of the Associazione Calcio Chievo Verona.
While the summer was convulsed by the condemnations of the rigging scandal, the 2006-07 season finally arrived, the Arbitration Court of the Italian Olympic Committee (CONI) lowered the sanctions imposed on the clubs, although not in a very large which ended the league in sixth position, which would have been third without the loss of points. Despite this, the place obtained gave him access to the UEFA Cup, since he last played a European competition in 2001. The participants in this success were largely Luca Toni and Adrian Mutu, who scored 31 goals between them, and Sébastien Frey, who was the goalkeeper with the fewest goals. Their participation in Europe was very successful, reaching the semi-finals of the competition, where they fell in the penalty shootout against Glasgow Rangers after a scoreless draw in both games of the tie.
In the 2007-08 season, already with the absence of the top scorer Toni, the team got off to a good start quickly positioning themselves in positions of access to European competitions with Mutu as the only attacking reference. They finished the tournament in positions of access to the UEFA Champions League ahead of AC Milan, after defeating Torino Football Club 0-1 on the last match day with a Chilean goal from Daniel Osvaldo.
After entering the group stage, they finished third in their group behind German FC Bayern and French Olympique Lyonnais, for which they agreed to play in the UEFA Cup. In the spirit of repeating the good performance of the previous year, they were beaten in their first knockout round of the round of 2 by Dutch AFC Ajax, who won 1-XNUMX on aggregate. At the same time, they returned to finish the league in fourth position, returning to the top European competition for the second consecutive year.
The club closed a magnificent performance after reaching the round of 4, a round in which they were eliminated by FC Bayern after finishing the tie with a score of 4-XNUMX, with a victory for each team, but favorable to the Bavarians for the goal value in the opponent's half. The German team was finally runner-up in the competition when they fell in the final at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium against FC Internazionale.
After some seasons without being the protagonist of Serie A, President Della Valle organizes a new project that he intends to bring to the team violet back to the forefront positions in the Italian league and in Europe. In this way, Vincenzo Montella arrived as coach, who was followed by players to reinforce all lines. This is how Gonzalo Rodríguez, Stefan Savić, Alberto Aquilani, Matías Fernández, David Pizarro, Borja Valero or Juan Cuadrado arrived, in addition to the return of Luca Toni, they took the team back to privileged positions, and again accessing Europe as fourth classified.
The new season consolidated a project, repeating the same classification in the league. His participation in the renowned UEFA Europa League ended in the round of 0 at the hands of his staunch rival, Juventus FC of Gianluigi Buffon, Giorgio Chiellini, Paul Pogba and Andrea Pirlo. A one-goal draw in Turin gave hope to the Tuscans, who were nevertheless outmatched in their stadium to fall 1-3 that eliminated them from the competition. Despite this, the team did not break down and managed to reach the final of the Cup championship after thirteen years, after getting rid of AC Chievo Verona, AC Siena and Udinese Calcio. The final against the Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli by Rafa Benítez and Gonzalo Higuaín was won by them 1-XNUMX at the Olympic Stadium in Rome. The return of the club to the elite was, however, a fact.
For the third time in a row he finished fourth in the league the following year, a season that was especially remembered for his performance in the 44th edition of the European League. Players like Joaquín Sánchez, Mohamed Salah —who was one of the best players of the season—, Alberto Gilardino, Giuseppe Rossi, Khouma Babacar or Mario Gómez joined the already established squad to sign a great campaign. After finishing first in his group, he was overcoming each direct tie thanks mainly to the great matches in the Artemio Franchi Stadium. Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, Associazione Sportiva Roma and FK Dynamo Kiev were their rivals before facing Sevilla Fútbol Club, reigning champions of the competition, in the semifinals.
The first leg held in Spain ended with a resounding 3-0 in favor of the Sevilla fans, which seemed very difficult to overcome in the second leg. In it, the Sevillistas did not give the Florentines any options and also took the victory by 0-2 for days later to be crowned again as champions and top laureates of the competition. Despite this, the season violet It gave fans back the joy of times gone by.
The 2015-16 season began with the dismissal of Montella at the head of the team due to differences with the leaders, so Portuguese Paulo Sousa took over the team.
History and evolution of the shield
The coat of arms of Fiorentina has always been linked to the coat of arms of the city, always being a red lily on a white field, the main hallmark of Florence and whose colors derive from the coat of arms of Hugo I of Tuscany. Although initially the municipal coat of arms is used directly to identify the team, over time the emblem used has undergone numerous changes, having up to a total of 30 different sketches throughout its history.
The last and current club emblem was approved by the Cecchi Gori board in 1991, consisting of the insertion of a stylized Florentine lily (red on a white field) within a gold-edged diamond-shaped border, bearing the initials of the club (red and white on a purple background) placed in another lower space, completing the total set of the figure with a less stylized rhombus in its upper part.
- Image with the evolution of the Fiorentina coat of arms.
When Fiorentina was founded in 1926 the players wore a red and white shirt along with the emblem of the city - in favor of the two original clubs, Palestra Ginnastica Libertas and Club Sportivo Firenze - until in 1929 the color was adopted. present very characteristic purple. This has been used uninterruptedly ever since, giving rise to the nickname «violet» (is: purple), nickname by which they are known. Although it is true that before the introduction of the first white and red shirt, the team wore a whole dark red vermilion on a temporary basis until it was decided to adopt the quartered shirt.
Tradition has it that the club got its purple jersey by mistake after an accident of washing the old red and white jerseys in the Arno River, although it was actually a decision by President Luigi Ridolfi after playing a friendly in 1928 against to Újpest Football Club.
The away kit has always been predominantly white, sometimes with purple and red elements, sometimes all white. The pants are purple, when the home team plays in white pants. The third jersey of the entity was used for the first time in the 1995-96 season, being all red with purple edges and two lines on the shoulders. The third red jersey has been the most worn by Fiorentina, although they also wore yellow jerseys (in 1997-98 and 1999-00) and a sterling-colored version, mostly in the 2000-01 Coppa Italia.
- Local uniform: T-shirt, pants and purple socks.
- Away uniform: T-shirt, pants and white socks.
- Alternate uniform: T-shirt, pants and red socks.
El Stadio Comunale Artemio Franchi is a football stadium, located in the city of Florence, the capital of Tuscany in Italy. It serves as the usual headquarters for Fiorentina. Its address is Viale Manfredo Fanti 4, 50137 Firenze.
The stadium was built in 1931 and has a capacity of 47 282. The architect of the work was Pier Luigi Nervi and it is one of the most relevant examples of the architecture of the century. XX in the city.
At the beginning it was named after Stadio Giovanni Berta in honor of a young Florentine fascist martyr, after the war it was renamed Stadio Comunale di Firenze. In 1983 again the name of the venue was changed to its current name Artemio Franchi Stadium in honor of the club's leader and former UEFA president who died in a traffic accident that year.
- Stadio Velodrome Libertas (1926-31)
- Stadio Comunale Artemio Franchi (1931-Act.)
The club's training center, called "Campini" was inaugurated on September 10, 2011 with dimensions of 1600 m². The cost of the facilities amounted to approximately 5,7 million euros.
Throughout its history, the entity has seen how its name varied due to various circumstances until the current Associazione Calcio Firenze Fiorentina, in force since the 2002-03 season, the date of its re-foundation. The club was founded under the official name of Associazione Calcio Firenze —when the two predecessor clubs merged in 1926—, remaining only one season until the historic name of Associazione Calcio Fiorentina was adopted until its re-founding.
The different denominations that the club has had throughout its history are listed below:
- Associazione Calcio Firenze: (1926-27) Official name at its foundation.
- Fiorentina Calcium Association: (1927) Unofficial name adopted in his appearances despite being registered with the previous one.
- Fiorentina Calcium Association: (1927-02) Denomination that he maintained until his disappearance.
- Fiorentina 1926 Florence: (2002-03) Refoundation under a provisional name.
- Florentia Viola: (2002-03) Ephemeral change after its re-founding.
- Associazione Calcio Firenze Fiorentina: (2003-Act.) Recovery of the historic name.
Summary of career and honors
Note: in bold font competitions currently in force.
|Italian First Division .||1955-56, 1968-69.||1956-57, 1957-58, 1958-59, 1959-60, 1981-82.|
|Italian Cup (6/4)||1939-40, 1960-61, 1965-66, 1974-75, 1995-96, 2000-01.||1957-58, 1959-60, 1998-99, 2013-14.|
|Italian Super Cup (1/1)||1996||2001|
|Italy Second Division (3)||1930-31, 1938-39, 1993-94.|
|Italy Fourth Division (1)||2002-03.|
|Champions League (0/1)||1956-57.|
|European Cup Winners' Cup (1/1)||1960-61.||1961-62.|
|Europa League (0/1)||1989-90.|
|Central European Cup (1/2)||1965-66.||1964-65, 1971-72.|
|Tuscan Championship (1)||1944-45.|
|First Division League Championship||2724||1078||835||811||3784||3136||Champion|
|Italian Cup Championship||?||?||?||?||?||?||Champion|
|Italian Super Cup||2||1||0||1||2||4||Champion|
|European Cup / UEFA Champions League||45||21||15||9||63||49||runner-up|
|UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League||98||42||31||25||128||94||runner-up|
|European Cup Winners' Cup||28||17||4||7||52||27||Champion|
Note: In bold font active competitions. Statistics updated to the last game played on May 26th 2019.
Sources: The Rec. Sports Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF) - UEFA
In 2012 it was the first Italian club to inaugurate its own hall of fame. The most influential footballers in the history of the entity are included by a jury, being awarded with the Marzocco Viola. Among them are Armando Segato, Claudio Merlo, Renzo Contratto, Mario Mazzoni, Gabriel Batistuta —the club's second all-time top scorer with 207 goals and "Capocannoniere" (top scorer) in 1994-95—, Giancarlo Antognoni, Kurt Hamrin, Egisto Pandolfini, Giuseppe Chiappella, Vittorio Staccione, Mario Pizziolo, Giuseppe Brizi, Christian Riganò, Bruno Pesaola, Giovanni Galli, Italo Bandini, Stefano Borgonovo, Ferruccioiancareggi De Sisti, Giuliano Sarti, Ardico Magnini, Francesco Rosetta, Alberto Orzan, Giuseppe Virgili and Júlio Botelho Julinho.
Other names also stand out in the club's history, such as Amarildo, Daniel Passarella, Daniel Bertoni, Francesco Graziani, Pietro Vierchowod, Daniele Massaro or Luca Toni -"Capocannoniere" and golden boot in 2005-06—, who join the aforementioned Antognoni, Pizziolo, Galli in having been proclaimed world champions with their respective national teams.
Other prominent players in history violet they are the Portuguese Rui Costa, the Romanian Adrian Mutu, the Brazilians Edmundo and Dunga, the Peruvian Juan Manuel Vargas or the Italians Miguel Montuori, Pedro Petrone—"Capocannoniere" in 1931-32—, Sergio Cervato, Francesco Toldo, Manuel Pasqual —current team captain—, Enrico Albertosi, Angelo Di Livio and Roberto Baggio —considered one of the best Italian players in all of history—, as well as Luciano Chiarugi, Alberto Gilardino, Alberto Galassi or Gianfranco Petris for their scoring record, and Aurelio Milani and Alberto Orlando as "Capocannonieri" in 1961-62 and 1964-65 respectively.
Regarding the players who have worn the shirt the most times violet They are Antognoni with 429 games, Brizi with 389, Claudio Merlo with 377, Hamrin with 362 - also the all-time top scorer with 208 goals - and Chiappella with 357.
On March 4, 2018, Davide Astori died of a cardiorespiratory arrest while sleeping in a hotel room in Udine where the team was concentrating for a match against Udinese Calcio. After the event, the day of Serie A was postponed as a sign of mourning, while Cagliari and Fiorentina, for their part, decided to withdraw the number 13 shirt that Astori wore in both clubs as a tribute.
Since its founding in 1926, Fiorentina has had 54 coaches, the majority being of Italian origin. However, it would not be until 1934 when Fiorentina would hire its first Italian coach, Piedmontese Guido Ara. The team's first foreign-born coach violet it was the Hungarian Károly Csapkay.
The current coach since the 2019-20 season is former Italian club player Giuseppe Iachini, who replaced Vincenzo Montella due to poor results. Iachini played a total of 150 games for the club.
As a coach he directed multiple teams before his arrival at the Fiorentino club, starting as technical director in the 2002-03 season with Cesena Football Club in Serie B. Since he started on the benches he has directed a total of 170 games in the top category.
Presidency and Board of Directors
In the more than 80 years of the club's history there have been a total of 23 presidents, the first of whom was Luigi Ridolfi Vay da Verrazzano, who held the position for 16 years - a longevity record that still stands in history. violet-.
Among them, the names of Enrico Befani and Vittorio Cecchi Gori stand out for being the most successful coaches with the club, having won three titles each in their respective mandates.
With the re-founding of the club, the Della Valle family took over their property and Andrea Della Valle took over his presidency for a few years until his resignation. Since September 24, 2009, when he resigned - despite continuing to be honorary president and owner of the club today - Mario Cognigni was appointed as president.
Sports organization chart
Regarding the number of matches and goals, the Italian Giancarlo Antognoni tops the list with a balance of 429 games - forty more than Giuseppe Brizi - while in the scoring section is Gabriel Batistuta, an idol of the recent club stage. The aforementioned Hamrin is also the foreigner with the most matches with the shirt violet, with 362.
Among the currently active players of the club, Borja Valero from Madrid is the player who accumulates the most seasons, games and goals with 17 goals in 214 appearances spread over six seasons.
|Top scorers||Most games played||More seasons played|
|1.||Gabriel Batistuta||207 goals||1.||Giancarlo Antognoni||429 matches||1.||Giancarlo Antognoni||15 years.|
|2.||Kurt Hamrin]||204 goals||2.||Giuseppe Brizzi||389 matches||2.||Giuseppe Brizzi||14 years.|
|3.||Miguel Montuori||84 goals||3.||Claudio Merlo||367 matches||3.||Claudio Merlo / Giuseppe Chiappella / Manuel Pasqual / Sergio Cervato / Franco Superchi||11 years.|
|4.||Giancarlo Antognoni||72 goals||4.||Kurt Hamrin||362 matches||4.||Giancarlo Galdiolo / Augusto Magli||10 years.|
|5.||Adrian Mutu||69 goals||5.||Giuseppe Chiappella||357 matches||5.||Under study (many players)||9 years.|
|See full list||See full list||See full list|
Note: In bold font active players in the club. Seasons counted with the first team record.
The origin of the players indicates the previous club that owned the rights of the player, despite the fact that the player comes from another loaned club, if they already belong to Fiorentina.
- According to UEFA regulations, each club can only have a maximum of three non-EU players on the squad, who occupy a foreign place, while a youth squad must remain at the club for at least three years of training age (15-21 years) to be considered as The list includes only the main nationality of each player, some of the non-European players have dual citizenship of some EU country:
- Lucas Martínez Quarta has dual Argentine and Italian nationality.
- Germán Pezzella has dual Argentine and Italian nationality.
- Julián Illanes has dual Argentine and Italian nationality.
- Maximiliano Olivera has dual Uruguayan and Spanish nationality.
- For details of the rivalries, see Tuscan Derbies and Derby dell'Appennino
Although there is no recognition of a specific match that defines a Tuscan derby, each of the clashes produced between teams from this region is called that way. Thus, the Florentines, lacking a rivalry in the city, focus their fights against the Associazione Calcio Siena - known as Robur Siena Società Sportiva Dilettantistica since its re-founding in 2014 - in which it is known as the «Guelph-Ghibelline derby», against Associazione Calcio Pisa 1909, against Empoli Football Club in the «Arno derby», or against Associazione Sportiva Livorno Calcio, the latter being the most repeated confrontation between teams from Tuscany in Serie A.
In all of them the set violet It has a positive balance, as in its confrontations against Bologna Football Club 1909, the most notable and historical rivalry of the Florentines in the vicinity. Their matches are known as the Derby dell'Appennino as these mountains are the ones that separate the two cities.
However, the club's biggest rivalry is against Juventus Football Club. This began to take shape after a meeting at the end of the twenties and that saw how it increased with the passage of the games and seasons until it reached its most significant point in the eighties, with episodes such as the controversial championship dispute, the transfer of the club's star Roberto Baggio to the Turin team or the tension between the owners of each club.
- Nicola Guerra, Valentina Imperi, Claudia Vardanega: I poeti della curva. Un'analisi sociolinguistica degli striscioni allo stadio. Arachne, Rome 2010 I poeti della curva.
- Wikimedia Commons hosts a multimedia category on ACF Fiorentina.
- Official website (in Italian)